Repossession Insurance

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Repossession Insurance Policy Information

Repossession Insurance

Repossession Insurance. A century ago, cars were new, exotic, and considered a luxury. As times have changed, however, automobiles have practically become a necessity in many localities. Even though vehicles have become more accessible to greater numbers of people in recent times, there is no doubt that cars remain a serious investment - and many buyers rely on car loans to fund the purchase of a vehicle.

Automobile repossession companies are hired by banks and other financial institutions to recover vehicles when borrowers are delinquent in making payments.

Some lenders require the vehicles they finance to have electronic disabling devices that keep the vehicle from starting once a payment is late. Others install GPS devices to aid in location should the need for repossession arise.

The lender has the right to claim the vehicle at any place and at any time without providing any notice to the borrower but must do so based on the laws of the state where it operates. In some states, the payment can be as little as one day late to warrant repossessing the vehicle.

Any personal items in the vehicle at the time it is recovered must be set aside, secured, and returned to its owner. Recovered vehicles may be stored in a garage or an open lot outside the building. The recovery company may sell the vehicle on behalf of its lender client.

When buyers default on those car loans, automobile repossession companies - also often called "repo companies" - have the responsibility of recovering the property that, ultimately, still belongs to the lender.

While these companies can certainly expect to be kept busy, the fact remains that automobile repossession companies also face a range of risks, each of which could jeopardize their financial future. What types of repossession insurance might repo companies need to carry to protect themselves?

Repossession insurance protects you towing and collateral recovery specialist businesses from lawsuits with rates as low as $97/mo. Get a fast quote and your certificate of insurance now

Below are some answers to commonly asked repossession insurance questions:


How Much Does Repossession Insurance Cost?

The average price of a standard $1,000,000/$2,000,000 General Liability Insurance policy for repo businesses ranges from $97 to $139 per month based on location, types of repos done, revenue, claims history and more.


Why Do Repossession Companies Need Insurance?

Auto Repo

Each business, regardless of its branch of commerce, faces a number of hazards. While some risks apply to every field, others are industry-specific. Repo companies have to take both into account when deciding how to shield themselves from significant financial setbacks.

No company with physical assets is immune to perils such as acts of nature (earthquakes, floods, wildfires, for instance), vandalism, theft, or accidents. In every industry, important equipment can also break down suddenly, requiring urgent repair or replacement.

Employees also face significant occupational risks - when a car is repossessed, all personal belongings must be taken out of the vehicle. Sometimes, that's an easy job. Agents may also, however, encounter dangerous objects, and sometimes even drugs and syringes, which puts their health at risk. An an employer, you can be held liable for such occupational injuries.

The risks are many, and often, you will not see them coming. In some cases, a major peril can even force your company into bankruptcy. That is why it is so vital to protect yourself with a comprehensive repossession insurance plan.


What Type Of Insurance Do Repo Businesses Need?

There is, unfortunately, no such thing as a universal commercial insurance plan that would meet the needs of all automobile repossession companies. Each company is unique.

Your number of employees, the volume of cars you repossess, the geographical location and legal jurisdiction of your company, are all examples of factors that influence the kinds of coverage you may need.

For this reason, it is essential to consult a commercial insurance specialist and discuss your risk profile in-depth. Together, you'll be able to craft the comprehensive insurance plan that will have your back no matter which peril you may be impacted by.

Having said that, among the most important types of repossession insurance that repo companies should be aware of are:

  • Commercial Property: This type of insurance shields your company from financial losses caused by damage to or loss of commercial property as a result of perils like acts of nature (hurricanes, floods, earthquakes), vandalism, or theft. It covers your building, but also smaller assets, such as computers, that are present on the property.
  • Commercial General Liability: In case your business causes damage to third party property (such as equipment you rent), this type of repossession insurance will cover your legal and related costs. It also protects you in the event of a bodily injury claim resulting from an incident that took place on your premises or as a result of your activities.
  • Bailee's Liability: As an automobile repossession company, you temporarily take custody of vehicles that you then return to their legal owners. Should vehicle be damaged or lost while in your custody, this type of insurance helps you manage the costs.
  • Workers' Compensation: Car repossession employees face a range of occupational health hazards. This type of insurance covers the medical expenses in the case of an unfortunate event, as well as the lost income of the affected employee.

The automobile repossession industry is thriving, but the fact that it faces numerous perils is inescapable. Sometimes, even a single mishap can lead to massive costs. While the types of repossession insurance covered here will go a long way toward protecting your business, you may have additional insurance needs.

Make sure you are fully covered, by discussing your individual circumstances with a commercial insurance broker.


Repossession's Risks & Exposures

Car Repossession

Business auto exposures are high because of the methods used to recover vehicles. Tow truck operators often must act quickly and surreptitiously to remove the vehicle before the borrower returns. This could result in improperly attaching the recovered vehicle to the tow truck.

The vehicles may be required to operate quickly in parking lots and other areas where children and other persons may be present, resulting in bodily injury, or damage to other vehicles. Some vehicles may be driven away instead of being towed, presenting non-owned exposures.

All employee drivers should have valid licenses with their MVRs regularly checked. Random testing for alcohol and drug use should be required. All owned vehicles, especially hoists and tow bars on tow trucks, must be regularly maintained with records retained.

If clients' vehicles are kept on the repossessor's premises, garagekeepers coverage will be needed. Keys to these vehicles should be kept in a locked box inaccessible to non-authorized employees.

Premises liability exposures are minimal because of lack of public access to the office and the garage or open lot where the recovered vehicles are stored. Vehicles stored in the open may be an attractive nuisance to children or other trespassers.

Off-site exposures include damage to borrowers' premises or personal property.

Personal injury exposures include allegations such as assault, battery, discrimination, and invasion of privacy. Policies concerning employee conduct should be established with periodic training provided. There is product liability exposure if the recovery company sells repossessed vehicles for its customers.

Professional exposures may be present, based on specific state licensing and certification regulations.

Workers compensation exposures are high. Employees should be properly trained and supervised. During the repossession process, borrowers may threaten and physically attack employees. Procedures to avoid and prevent confrontations must be in place. Weapons should not be permitted.

The lifting of a vehicle by hoists or other mechanical means can result in injury if the equipment malfunctions. Workers can slip and fall, incur back injuries, be attacked by pets or other animals, or be involved in automobile accidents.

Property exposures are moderate and include an office and a garage or open lot where the recovered vehicles are kept. Ignition sources include electrical wiring, heating, and air conditioning systems. Gasoline, oils, and lubricants inside stored vehicles increase the fire hazard. Oily rags should be kept in National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) approved metal containers to prevent spontaneous combustion.

Recovered vehicles can be targets for theft and vandalism from angry borrowers or other trespassers. Appropriate security controls must be taken, including physical barriers such as fences or gates, lighting to deter access to the premises after hours, and an alarm system that reports directly to a central station or the police department.

Coverage on the property of others is needed because all personal property inside recovered vehicles must be returned to its owner. An inland marine bailees form may also provide this coverage.

Inland marine exposures include accounts receivables from client banks and other financial institutions, computers used to track, monitor, and sell recovered vehicles, and valuable papers and records for all orders for recovery and vehicle titles. Duplicates should be kept off-site to allow for re-creation following a loss. A bailees form may be needed to cover the personal property of others inside the recovered vehicles.

Crime exposures include employee dishonesty for the individuals who recover the vehicles, office employees, and persons who sell the vehicles on behalf of the financial institution. Background checks should be conducted on all employees handling money or recovered vehicles.

There must be a separation of duties between persons handling orders, deposits and disbursements and reconciling bank statements. Endorsements are needed to cover employee theft of customers' property because the vehicles do not belong to the repossessor.

Commercial Insurance And Business Industry Classification

  • SIC CODE: 7389 Business Services, Not Elsewhere Classified
  • NAICS CODE: 61491 Repossession Services
  • Suggested ISO General Liability Code(s): 61224, 61225
  • Suggested Workers Compensation Code(s): 7225

7389: Business Services, Not Elsewhere Classified

Division I: Services | Major Group 73: Business Services | Industry Group 738: Miscellaneous Business Services

7389 Business Services, Not Elsewhere Classified: Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing business services, not elsewhere classified, such as bondspersons, drafting services, lecture bureaus, notaries public, sign painting, speakers' bureaus, water softening services, and auctioneering services, on a commission or fee basis. Auctions of used cars and agricultural commodities, such as livestock and produce, are classified in Wholesale Trade.

  • Agents and brokers for authors and nonperforming artist
  • Apparel pressing service for the trade
  • Appraisers, except real estate appraisers
  • Arbitration and conciliation services
  • Artists' agents and brokers, except performing artists
  • Auctioneering service on a commission or fee basis
  • Authors' agents and brokers
  • Automobile recovery service
  • Automobile repossession service
  • Automobile shows, flower shows, and home shows: promoters of
  • Bartering services for businesses
  • Batik work (handprinting on textiles)
  • Bondspersons
  • Bottle exchanges
  • Bronzing baby shoes
  • Business brokers (buying and selling business enterprises)
  • Charge account service (shopping plates) collection by individual
  • Check validation service
  • Cloth: cutting to length, bolting, or winding for textile distributors
  • Contractors' disbursement control
  • Convention bureaus
  • Convention decorators
  • Copyright protection service
  • Correct time service
  • Cosmetic kits, assembling and packaging
  • Cotton inspection service, not connected with transportation
  • Cotton sampler service
  • Coupon redemption service, except trading stamps
  • Credit card service (collection by individual firms)
  • Decoration service for special events
  • Demonstration service, separate from sale
  • Directories, telephone: distribution on a contract or fee basis
  • Divers, commercial
  • Drafting service, except temporary help
  • Drawback service, customs
  • Drive-a-way automobile service
  • Embroidering of advertising on shirts, etc.
  • Engrossing, e.g., diplomas and resolutions
  • Exhibits, building of: by industrial contractors
  • Field warehousing, not public warehousing
  • Filling pressure containers (aerosol) with hair spray, insecticides, etc.
  • Fire extinguishers, service of
  • Firefighting service, other than forestry or public
  • Flagging service (traffic control)
  • Floats, decoration of
  • Florists' telegraph service
  • Folding and refolding service: textile and apparel
  • Fundraising on a contract or fee basis
  • Gas systems, contract conversion from manufactured to natural gas
  • Handtool designers
  • Handwriting analysis
  • Hosiery pairing on a contract or fee basis
  • Hotel reservation service
  • Identification engraving service
  • Inspection of commodities, not connected with transportation
  • Interior decorating consulting service, except painters and paper
  • Interior designing service, except painters and paper hangers
  • Inventory computing service
  • Labeling bottles, cans, cartons, etc. for the trade: not printing
  • Laminating of photographs (coating photographs with plastics)
  • Lecture bureaus
  • Lettering service
  • Liquidators of merchandise on a contract or fee basis
  • Mannequin decorating service
  • Map drafting service
  • Mapmaking, including aerial
  • Message service, telephone answering except beeper service
  • Metal slitting and shearing on a contract or fee basis
  • Meter readers, remote
  • Microfilm recording and developing service
  • Mounting merchandise on cards on a contract or fee basis
  • Music distribution systems, except coin-operated
  • Notaries public
  • Packaging and labeling service (not packing and crating)
  • Paralegal service
  • Parcel packing service (packaging)
  • Patent brokers
  • Patrol of electric transmission or gas lines
  • Photogrammetric mapping service (not professional engineers)
  • Photographic library service, still
  • Photography brokers
  • Pipeline and power line inspection services
  • Playwrights' brokers
  • Post office contract stations
  • Presorting mail service
  • Press clipping service
  • Printed circuitry graphic layout
  • Process serving service
  • Produce weighing service, not connected with transportation
  • Product sterilization service
  • Promoters of home shows and flower shows
  • Racetrack cleaning, except buildings
  • Radio broadcasting music checkers
  • Radio transcription service
  • Recording studios on a contract or fee basis
  • Redemption of trading stamps
  • Repossession service
  • Restaurant reservation service
  • Rug binding for the trade
  • Safety inspection service, except automotive
  • Salvaging of damaged merchandise, not engaged in sales
  • Sampling of commodities, not connected with transportation
  • Scrap steel cutting on a contract or fee basis
  • Shoe designers
  • Showcard painting
  • Shrinking textiles for tailors and dressmakers
  • Sign painting and lettering shops
  • Solvents recovery service on a contract or fee basis
  • Speakers' bureaus
  • Sponging textiles for tailors and dressmakers
  • Styling of fashions, apparel, furniture, and textiles
  • Styling wigs for the trade
  • Swimming pool cleaning and maintenance
  • Switchboard operation of private branch exchanges
  • Tape slitting for the trade (cutting plastics, leather, etc. into widths)
  • Tax collection agencies: collecting for a city, county, or State
  • Tax title dealers: agencies for city, county, or State
  • Telemarketing (telephone marketing) service on a contract or fee basis
  • Telephone answering, except beeper service
  • Telephone solicitation service on a contract or fee basis
  • Textile designers
  • Textile folding and packing services
  • Time-share condominium exchanges
  • Tobacco sheeting service on a contract or fee basis
  • Tourist information bureaus
  • Trade show arrangement
  • Trading stamp promotion and sale to stores
  • Trading stamp redemption
  • Translation service
  • Water softener service
  • Weighing foods and other commodities not connected with
  • Welcoming service
  • Window trimming service
  • Yacht brokers

Repossession Insurance - The Bottom Line

To protect your repo business, employees and the people you serve, having the right repossession insurance coverage is important. To learn what types of policy options are available to you, how much coverage you should invest in and the premiums - speak to a reputable commercial insurance broker.

Types Of Small Business Insurance - Requirements & Regulations

Perhaps you have the next great idea for a product or service that you know will appeal to your local area. If you've got a business, you've got risks. Unexpected events and lawsuits can wipe out a business quickly, wasting all the time and money you've invested.

Operating a business is challenging enough without having to worry about suffering a significant financial loss due to unforeseen and unplanned circumstances. Small business insurance can protect your company from some of the more common losses experienced by business owners, such as property damage, business interruption, theft, liability, and employee injury.

Purchasing the appropriate commercial insurance coverage can make the difference between going out of business after a loss or recovering with minimal business interruption and financial impairment to your company's operations.

Small Business Information

Insurance is so important to proper business function that both federal governments and state governments require companies to carry certain types. Thus, being properly insured also helps you protect your company by protecting it from government fines and penalties.

Small Business Insurance Information

In the business world, there are many risks faced by company's every day. The best way that business owners can protect themselves from these perils is by carrying the right insurance coverage.

The The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) is the U.S. standard-setting and regulatory support organization. Through the NAIC, state insurance regulators establish standards and best practices, conduct peer review, and coordinate their regulatory oversight.

Commercial insurance is particularly important for small business owners, as they stand to lose a lot more. Should a situation arise - a lawsuit, property damage, theft, etc. - small business owners could end up facing serious financial turmoil.

According to the SBA, having the right insurance plan in place can help you avoid major pitfalls. Your business insurance should offer coverage for all of your assets. It should also include liability and casual coverage.

Types Of Small Business Insurance

Choosing the right type of coverage is absolutely vital. You've got plenty of options. Some you'll need. Some you won't. You should know what's available. Once you look over your options you'll need to conduct a thorough risk assessment. As you evaluate each type of insurance, ask yourself:

  • What type of business am I running?
  • What are common risks associated with this industry?
  • Does this type of insurance cover a situation that could feasibly arise during the normal course of doing business?
  • Does my state require me to carry this type of insurance?
  • Does my lender or do any of my investors require me to carry this type of policy?

A licensed insurance agent or broker in your state can help you determine what kinds of coverages are prudent for your business types. If you find one licensed to sell multiple policies from multiple companies (independent agents) that person can often help you get the best insurance rates, too. Following is some information on some of the most common small business insurance policies:

Business Insurance Policy Type What Is Covered?
General Liability InsuranceWhat is covered under commercial general liability insurance? It steps in to pay claims when you lose a lawsuit with an injured customer, employee, or vendor. The injury could be physical, or it could be a financial loss based on advertising practices.
Workers Compensation InsuranceWhat is covered under workers compensation insurance? This type of insurance protects a business and its owner(s) from claims by employees who suffer a work-related injury, illness or disease. Workers comp typically provides the injured employee with benefits to cover medical expenses, a portion of his/her lost wages, rehabilitation costs if applicable, and permanent partial or permanent total disability.
Product Liability InsuranceWhat is covered under product liability insurance? I pays an injured party's settlement or lawsuit claim arising from a defective product. These are usually caused by design defects, manufacturing defects, or a failure to provide adequate warning or instructions as to how to safely use the product.
Commercial Property InsuranceWhat is covered under business property insurance? General liability policies don't cover damages to your business property. That's what commercial property insurance is for. It protects all of the physical parts of your business: your building, your inventory, and your equipment, giving you the funds you need to replace them in the event of a disaster. If you work from home, you might consider a Home Based Business Insurance policy instead.
Business Owners Policy (BOP)What is covered under a business owners policy (BOP)? This is a policy designed for small, low-risk businesses. It simplifies the basic insurance purchase process by combining general liability policies with business income and commercial property insurance.
Commercial Auto InsuranceWhat is covered under business auto insurance? This type of insurance covers automobiles being used for business purposes. This could include a fleet of business-only vehicles or a single company car. In some cases it might cover your car or your employee's car while they're being used for business. These policies have much higher limits, ensuring you can cover your costs if one of these vehicles gets into an accident.
Commercial Umbrella PoliciesWhat is covered under commercial umbrella insurance? This type of policy is a sort of "gap" insurance. It covers your liability in the event that a court verdict or settlement exceeds your general liability policy limits.
Liquor Liability InsuranceWhat is covered under liquor liability insurance? It covers bodily injury or property damage caused by an intoxicated person who was served liquor by the policy holder.
Professional Liability (Errors & Omissions)What is covered under professional liability insurance? This type of business insurance is also known as malpractice oe E&O. It covers the damages that can arise from major mistakes, especially in high-stakes professions where mistakes can be devastating.
Surety BondWhat is covered under surety bonds? Bonding is a contract where one party, the SURETY (who assures the obligee that the principal can perform the task), guarantees the performance of certain obligations of a second party, the PRINCIPAL (the contractor or business who will perform the contractual obligation), to a third party, the OBLIGEE (the project owner who is the recipient of an obligation).


Who Needs General Liability Insurance? - Virtually every business. A single lawsuit or settlement could bankrupt your business five times over. You might also need this policy to win business. Many companies and government agencies won't do business with your company until you can produce proof that you've obtained one of these policies.

Business Insurance Required by Law
Small Business Commercial Insurance

If you have any employees most states will require you to carry worker's compensation and unemployment insurance. Some states require you to insure yourself even if you are the only employee working in the business.

Your insurance agent can help you check applicable state laws so you can bring your business into compliance.

Other Types Of Small Business Insurance

There are dozens of other, more specialized forms of small business insurance capable of covering specific problems and risks. These forms of insurance include:

  • Business Interruption Insurance
  • Commercial Flood Insurance
  • Contractor's Insurance
  • Cyber Liability
  • Data Breach
  • Directors and Officers
  • Employment Practices Liability
  • Environmental or Pollution Liability
  • Management Liability
  • Sexual Misconduct Liability

Whether you need any or all of these policies will depend on the results of your risk assessment. For example, you probably don't need an environmental or pollution policy if you're running an IT company out of a leased office, but you would need data breach and cyber liability policies to fully protect your business.

Also learn about small business insurance requirements for general liability, business property, commercial auto & workers compensation including small business commercial insurance costs. Call us (855) 767-7828.

Additional Resources For Commercial Auto Insurance

Learn about small business commercial auto insurance which includes liability and physical damage protection for vehicles that are used for business purposes.


Commercial Vehicle Insurance

The person injured in an vehicle accident may be a child, a wage earning single parent, a brain surgeon, or even a homeless person. The costs of the accident may be relatively small or run into the millions of dollars, depending on the victim and his or her injuries. Do you have the assets to handle such costs?

Trucking operations in this chapter are among the most heavily regulated in the country. All are subject to multiple types of regulation including municipal, state and federal. The regulations are necessary because potential for severe property damage and/or bodily injury is extremely high.

All carry cargo that if not handled appropriately could have serious consequences to the cargo owner and/or the public at large. Those that carry people must prove that they keep their equipment in good condition and that employees operate in a safe, sober manner.

The insurance company pays amounts an insured is legally obligated to pay as damages because of bodily injury or property damage and certain types of pollution events covered by this insurance caused by an accident and resulting from ownership, maintenance or use of covered vehicles.

The obligation to pay is triggered only by accidental occurrences involving vehicles covered under the Business Auto Coverage Form. An eligible pollution event is covered only if it is connected to a covered bodily injury or property damage loss.

It is important that you have the proper Limit of Insurance to protect your operations. This limit is the most the insurance company pays for the total of all damages, including any covered pollution cost or expense resulting from any one covered accident, is the Covered Auto liability limit of insurance on the declarations.

This limit applies regardless of the number of insureds, autos covered, vehicles involved in an accident, premium paid, or number of claims made.

Minimum recommended small business insurance coverage: Building, Business Personal Property, Business Income and Extra Expense, Accounts Receivables, Computers, Motor Truck Cargo, Valuable Papers and Records, Employee Dishonesty, Money and Securities, General Liability, Employee Benefits, Umbrella, Motor Carriers Liability and Physical Damage, Hired and Non-owned Auto & Workers Compensation.

Other commercial insurance policies to consider: Earthquake, Flood, Mobile Equipment, Signs, Warehouse Operators' Legal Liability, Cyber Liability, Employment-related Practices, Environmental Impairment, Underground Storage Tank, Stop Gap Liability and International Coverages.


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