Truck Insurance Policy Information
Truck Insurance. Truckers transport cargo from its initial loading and pickup at the shipper's location to final delivery and unloading at the receiver's location. The cargo can include raw materials, work in process, and finished goods. The trucker may assist customers in the packing and unpacking of freight. Many trucking companies have warehouse facilities for both temporary and long-term storage of customers' goods. While some truckers transport freight to the same destinations over and over, others transport single shipments to a particular destination. The trucking industry is regulated by a number of federal agencies.
Whether your business owns a single truck or 100 trucks, commercial truck insurance that matches your particular risks and the perils your drivers face on the roadway is important to the success of your business.
Maybe you have just one commercial truck that is used for deliveries, or perhaps you have an entire fleet of trucks that deliver freight throughout the country.
Either way, your insurance needs for commercial trucking are unique, and your coverage should reflect just that.
Truckers transport cargo from its initial loading and pickup at the shipper's location to final delivery and unloading at the receiver's location. The cargo can include raw materials, work in process, and finished goods. The trucker may assist customers in the packing and unpacking of freight. Many trucking companies have warehouse facilities for both temporary and long-term storage of customers' goods. While some truckers transport freight to the same destinations over and over, others transport single shipments to a particular destination. The trucking industry is regulated by a number of federal agencies.
Truck insurance protects your commercial trucking business from lawsuits with rates as low as $217/mo. Get a fast quote and your proof of insurance now.
Below are some answers to commonly asked yoga instructor insurance questions:
- How Much Does Truck Insurance Cost?
- Why Do Truckers Need Insurance?
- What Type Of Insurance Truck Drivers Need?
- How Do I Find The Best Commercial Truck Insurance Quote?
How Much Does Truck Insurance Cost?
The average price of a standard $1,000,000 Commercial Auto Liability Insurance policy for small owner-operator trucking business ranges from $217 to $997 per month based on vehicle, distance driven, loads hauled, driving history and experience.
Why Do Truckers Need Insurance?
Commercial trucking can be dangerous. Around 130,000 people are injured annually in accidents involving commercial trucks. Around 70 percent of accidents result in property damage only, while approximately 22 percent of truck accidents involve injuries to others on the road or the drivers of the trucks.
Regardless, accidents in commercial trucks in can be expensive, with the average payout for a commercial truck accident adding up to an average of $59,000. Truck insurance can deflect those costs from you to the insurance company.
If you own large commercial trucks - including dump trucks, auto trailers, car haulers, garbage trucks, box trucks, tank trucks, flatbed trucks, and tow trucks - you need to make sure that the Truck insurance you purchase for your trucks is adequate enough to cover your liability so as to limit loss in the event of a covered peril.
While each of these truck types has a different job, the risk you face is a constant one. The amount of time the truck is on the road, the employees that drive the truck, the number of miles logged annually, and the freight being hauled all factor into how much you will pay for the insurance you buy.
What Type Of Insurance Truck Drivers Need?
Like most commercial auto products, commercial truck coverage is available in a number of iterations. Each iteration is designed with the specific goal of protecting the owner of the policy from loss. Some types to consider include:
- Liability insurance. While most states require that owners of commercial vehicles maintain liability insurance, you should purchase the maximum amount of liability coverage you can afford. This insurance mitigates the risks that you face if you or someone driving your truck is found to have caused an accident. This type of policy usually covers bodily injury to other parties, property damaged during an accident, and the costs of defending the claim in court.
- Physical damage coverage. The cost of repairing a vehicle involved in an accident can be exorbitant, but this type of coverage handles the repair costs up to your specified policy limits. While collision coverage pays for damages due to colliding with another vehicle or object, comprehensive coverage pays for non-collision damages. For example, a truck that's damaged when the wind blows it over.
- Uninsured/underinsured motorist coverage. If you are involved in an accident with another vehicle that lacks adequate coverage to pay for repairs or that has no insurance at all, this coverage takes the place of the other party's insurance.
- Cargo coverage. Theft or damage of the freight you haul is covered by this type of policy.
How Do I Find The Best Commercial Truck Insurance Quote?
Because Truck insurance for your commercial truck can be as varied as your individual business, it can be hard to get multiple quotes for coverage. Following are common classes for commercial truck insurance:
- Box trucks
- Semi trucks
- Flatbed trucks
- Front loaders
- Garbage trucks
- Pickup trucks
- Tank trucks
- Dump trucks
- Auto hauler trailers
- Flatbed trailers
- And many more...
Working with an agent who is adept at deciphering the legalities of commercial insurance can help. The agent can analyze the way that you use your vehicle and gain understanding of your business to determine the right policy for your specific situation.
A variety of factors influence your rates. Your credit history and your business' credit rating are important when determining how much insurance will cost. Insurance companies also look at the make, model, and year of your trucks, the number of trucks you have on the road, any accidents that your business has been involved in, how far your trucks journey away from home, and how often they are driven.
Your agent will need to know a few specifics about your business, your drivers, and your typical cargo to get you the best Truck insurance quote. Some questions you may need to answer:
- Does your truck cross state lines?
- Where will your truck be garaged?
- What do you haul?
- Will you haul hazardous materials or heavy equipment?
- Are your driver's certified?
- Is your truck financed?
Using your answers and analyzing your driving record and the driving histories of your employees can help the agent to determine which options suit you best. A local agent is a good place to start looking for the necessary Truck insurance coverage you need to mitigate your risks as a commercial commercial truck owner.
Commercial Truck Classificaton
Commercial trucks are classified according to the Gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR). The United States Department of Transportation (USDOT) classifies commercial trucks with eight classes:
- Class 1 - GVWR ranges from 0 to 6,000 pounds (0 to 2,722 kg)
- Class 2 - GVWR ranges from 6,001 to 10,000 pounds (2,722 to 4,536 kg)
- Class 3 - GVWR ranges from 10,001 to 14,000 pounds (4,536 to 6,350 kg)
- Class 4 - GVWR ranges from 14,001 to 16,000 pounds (6,351 to 7,257 kg)
- Class 5 - GVWR ranges from 16,001 to 19,500 pounds (7,258 to 8,845 kg)
- Class 6 - GVWR ranges from 19,501 to 26,000 pounds (8,846 to 11,793 kg)
- Class 7 - GVWR ranges from 26,001 to 33,000 pounds (11,794 to 14,969 kg)
- Class 8 - GVWR is anything above 33,000 pounds (14,969 kg)
Trucker's Risks & Exposures
Commercial auto exposure is written on a motor carriers' policy. The exposure is very high because it includes loading and unloading of freight. There is considerable opportunity for contact with the client, who can be injured should the movers drop or overturn items being carried.
Children may be present during loading or unloading operations at residences or schools, requiring additional caution. All drivers must have training in lifting and handling of items being carried. They must have a valid commercial driver's license (CDL) for the trucks being driven and the cargo being moved. MVRs must be acceptable and checked regularly. Manipulating a large semi-trailer rig in a residential or commercial area requires training and awareness of surroundings.
All drivers must be well trained and attend continuing education courses to maintain and improve skill levels. Driving logs must be maintained, and drivers must not be permitted to exceed regulatory limits on their hours of service. Random drug and alcohol testing should be required. Vehicles must be maintained and records should be kept in a central location. Accidents can result in the spillage of diesel fuel or other operating fluids from within the truck, requiring cleanup.
Property exposure can be high if the risk repairs, refuels and maintains its own vehicles on premises. Exposures include flammable liquids, including gasoline and diesel fuel, and heat-producing activities such as welding. Flammable liquids and heat-producing activities must be separated from combustibles to prevent fire and explosion. All spray-painting should be conducted in a spray booth with approved fixtures.
The condition and controls of fuel tanks, whether above or below ground, are important for both property and environmental liability. Fire hazards can arise from the combustibility of items stored for customers. There must be adequate aisle space to allow firefighters to carry out their duties. If items in storage include any flammables or ignition sources, they must be properly controlled. As stored items are attractive targets for theft, there should be appropriate security including physical barriers to prevent entrance to the premises after hours and an alarm system that reports directly to a central station or the police department.
Crime exposure is from employee dishonesty and from money and securities. Background checks, including criminal history, should be performed on all employees handling money. Trucking operations involve a number of transactions and accounts that can be manipulated. There must be a separation of duties between persons handling deposits, billing, ordering, disbursements and reconciling bank statements. Regular internal and external audits should be conducted. As drivers, loaders and unloaders have access to customers' premises, the exposure to theft of customer property or customer identity theft increases.
Inland marine exposure is from accounts receivable, computers, motor truck cargo, valuable papers and records, and warehouse operators' legal liability. Customers' property may be damaged while being transported due to overturn, collision, or theft. Cargo containers should have locks and appropriate alarm systems. Most truckers are subject to minimum cargo legal liability requirements. The bill of lading spells out the terms of the agreement that must be honored. Insurance coverage will vary, but may exceed these minimums if customer satisfaction is important to the trucker. Any items in storage must be marked to prevent incorrect release. Records should be duplicated and be stored off site.
Premise liability exposure is extremely low due to limited public access to the premises. Cargo containers stored outside may present an attractive nuisance to minors. Fencing and lighting help reduce this exposure. Most off premises exposures relate directly to truck operations, such as loading and unloading, and are covered under the motor carriers' liability policy. Contracts may expose the operation to additional liability.
Environmental impairment exposure can be high due to underground fuel tanks and waste disposal of fluids used for servicing and repairing trucks. All underground fuel tanks must meet state or federal regulations and be routinely tested for leakage. Contracts should be in place to dispose of all environmentally dangerous chemicals. Spill procedures must be in place to prevent the accidental discharge of sludge from water reclamation systems used in washing trucks.
Workers compensation exposure comes from driving, loading and unloading customers' goods, and repair and maintenance activities. Drivers must operate in adverse traffic conditions such as inclement weather or road construction. They must be monitored to ensure that an appropriate amount of time is allocated for sleep.
The operations of unloading and unloading have a very high potential for all forms of back injury, hernia, sprain, and strain losses from loading, unloading, and warehouse operations. The training, material handling devices, and equipment are important to review.
Garage employees can be injured by vehicles falling from hoists, strains, sprains and other lifting injuries. Good housekeeping is critical to reduce injury from slips, trips, and falls. Burns, eye injuries, and respiratory problems can occur with the welding and painting. Dermatitis can result from employees coming into contact with harsh cleaning detergents.
Repair areas should be properly ventilated. Proper safety equipment is required. If independent owner-operators are used, responsibility for workers compensation coverage must be specified by contract.
Insurance Classification Of Truckers
Insurers classify trucking businesses using several coding systems. You can wind up paying more for your insurance if your trucking company is not properly classified - like a general freight carrier being coded as a hazmat carrier. Below are the three most commonly used coding systems for truckers insurance:
- SIC CODES: 4212 Local Trucking without Storage, 4213 Trucking, Except Local, 4214 Local Trucking with Storage
- ISO General Liability Codes: 99793
- NAICS CODES: 484110 General Freight Transit, Local, 484121 General Freight Transit, Long-Distance - Truckload, 484122 General Freight Transit, Long-Distance-Less than Truckload, 484220 Specialized Freight (except Used Goods) Transit, Local, 484230 Specialized Freight (except Used Goods) Transit, Long-Distance
- Suggested Workers Compensation Codes: 7228, 7229, 7230, 7231, 7232.
Truckers SIC Code Descriptions
4212 Local Trucking Without Storage
Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing trucking or transfer services without storage for freight generally weighing more than 100 pounds, in a single municipality, contiguous municipalities, or a municipality and its suburban areas. Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing local courier services for letters, parcels, and packages generally weighing less than 100 pounds are classified in Industry 4215; those engaged in collecting and disposing of refuse by processing or destruction of materials are classified in Industry 4953; those engaged in removing overburden from mines or quarries are classified in Division B, Mining; and construction contractors hauling dirt and rock as a part of their construction activity are classified in Division C, Construction.
- Baggage transfer
- Carting, by truck or horse drawn wagon
- Debris removal, local carting only
- Draying, local: without storage
- Farm to market hauling
- Furniture moving, local: without storage
- Garbage, local collecting and transporting: without disposal
- Hauling live animals, local
- Hauling, by dump truck
- Local trucking, without storage
- Log trucking
- Mail carriers, bulk, contract: local
- Refuse, local collecting and transporting: without disposal
- Rental of trucks with drivers
- Safe moving, local
- Star routes, local
- Truck rental for local use, with drivers
- Trucking timber
4213 Trucking, Except Local
Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing "over-the-road" trucking services or trucking services and storage services, including household goods either as common carriers or under special or individual contracts or agreements, for freight generally weighing more than 100 pounds. Such operations are principally outside a single municipality, outside one group of contiguous municipalities, or outside a single municipality and its suburban areas. Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing air courier services for individually addressed letters, parcels, and packages generally weighing less than 100 pounds are classified in Industry 4513 and other courier services for individually addressed letters, parcels, and packages generally weighing less than 100 pounds are classified in Industry 4215.
- Long-distance trucking
- Over-the-road trucking
- Trucking rental with drivers, except for local use
- Trucking, except local
4214 Local Trucking With Storage
Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing both trucking and storage services, including household goods, within a single municipality, contiguous municipalities, or a municipality and its suburban areas. Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing warehousing and storage of household goods when not combined with trucking are classified in Industry 4226. Establishments primarily engaged in furnishing local courier services for letters, parcels, and packages weighing less than 100 pounds are classified in Industry 4215.
- Furniture moving, local: combined with storage
- Household goods moving, local: combined with storage
- Trucking, local: combined with storage
Truck Insurance - The Bottom Line
Speak with an experienced insurance broker who understands commercial truck insurance to find the best fit coverage for your trucking business.
Types Of Small Business Insurance - Requirements & Regulations
Perhaps you have the next great idea for a product or service that you know will appeal to your local area. If you've got a business, you've got risks. Unexpected events and lawsuits can wipe out a business quickly, wasting all the time and money you've invested.
Operating a business is challenging enough without having to worry about suffering a significant financial loss due to unforeseen and unplanned circumstances. Small business insurance can protect your company from some of the more common losses experienced by business owners, such as property damage, business interruption, theft, liability, and employee injury.
Purchasing the appropriate commercial insurance coverage can make the difference between going out of business after a loss or recovering with minimal business interruption and financial impairment to your company's operations.
Insurance is so important to proper business function that both federal governments and state governments require companies to carry certain types. Thus, being properly insured also helps you protect your company by protecting it from government fines and penalties.
Small Business Insurance Information
In the business world, there are many risks faced by company's every day. The best way that business owners can protect themselves from these perils is by carrying the right insurance coverage.
The The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) is the U.S. standard-setting and regulatory support organization. Through the NAIC, state insurance regulators establish standards and best practices, conduct peer review, and coordinate their regulatory oversight.
Commercial insurance is particularly important for small business owners, as they stand to lose a lot more. Should a situation arise - a lawsuit, property damage, theft, etc. - small business owners could end up facing serious financial turmoil.
According to the SBA, having the right insurance plan in place can help you avoid major pitfalls. Your business insurance should offer coverage for all of your assets. It should also include liability and casual coverage.
Types Of Small Business Insurance
Choosing the right type of coverage is absolutely vital. You've got plenty of options. Some you'll need. Some you won't. You should know what's available. Once you look over your options you'll need to conduct a thorough risk assessment. As you evaluate each type of insurance, ask yourself:
- What type of business am I running?
- What are common risks associated with this industry?
- Does this type of insurance cover a situation that could feasibly arise during the normal course of doing business?
- Does my state require me to carry this type of insurance?
- Does my lender or do any of my investors require me to carry this type of policy?
A licensed insurance agent or broker in your state can help you determine what kinds of coverages are prudent for your business types. If you find one licensed to sell multiple policies from multiple companies (independent agents) that person can often help you get the best insurance rates, too. Following is some information on some of the most common small business insurance policies:
|Business Insurance Policy Type||What Is Covered?|
|General Liability Insurance||What is covered under commercial general liability insurance? It steps in to pay claims when you lose a lawsuit with an injured customer, employee, or vendor. The injury could be physical, or it could be a financial loss based on advertising practices.|
|Workers Compensation Insurance||What is covered under workers compensation insurance? This type of insurance protects a business and its owner(s) from claims by employees who suffer a work-related injury, illness or disease. Workers comp typically provides the injured employee with benefits to cover medical expenses, a portion of his/her lost wages, rehabilitation costs if applicable, and permanent partial or permanent total disability.|
|Product Liability Insurance||What is covered under product liability insurance? I pays an injured party's settlement or lawsuit claim arising from a defective product. These are usually caused by design defects, manufacturing defects, or a failure to provide adequate warning or instructions as to how to safely use the product.|
|Commercial Property Insurance||What is covered under business property insurance? General liability policies don't cover damages to your business property. That's what commercial property insurance is for. It protects all of the physical parts of your business: your building, your inventory, and your equipment, giving you the funds you need to replace them in the event of a disaster. If you work from home, you might consider a Home Based Business Insurance policy instead.|
|Business Owners Policy (BOP)||What is covered under a business owners policy (BOP)? This is a policy designed for small, low-risk businesses. It simplifies the basic insurance purchase process by combining general liability policies with business income and commercial property insurance.|
|Commercial Auto Insurance||What is covered under business auto insurance? This type of insurance covers automobiles being used for business purposes. This could include a fleet of business-only vehicles or a single company car. In some cases it might cover your car or your employee's car while they're being used for business. These policies have much higher limits, ensuring you can cover your costs if one of these vehicles gets into an accident.|
|Commercial Umbrella Policies||What is covered under commercial umbrella insurance? This type of policy is a sort of "gap" insurance. It covers your liability in the event that a court verdict or settlement exceeds your general liability policy limits.|
|Liquor Liability Insurance||What is covered under liquor liability insurance? It covers bodily injury or property damage caused by an intoxicated person who was served liquor by the policy holder.|
|Professional Liability (Errors & Omissions)||What is covered under professional liability insurance? This type of business insurance is also known as malpractice oe E&O. It covers the damages that can arise from major mistakes, especially in high-stakes professions where mistakes can be devastating.|
|Surety Bond||What is covered under surety bonds? Bonding is a contract where one party, the SURETY (who assures the obligee that the principal can perform the task), guarantees the performance of certain obligations of a second party, the PRINCIPAL (the contractor or business who will perform the contractual obligation), to a third party, the OBLIGEE (the project owner who is the recipient of an obligation).|
Who Needs General Liability Insurance? - Virtually every business. A single lawsuit or settlement could bankrupt your business five times over. You might also need this policy to win business. Many companies and government agencies won't do business with your company until you can produce proof that you've obtained one of these policies.
Business Insurance Required by Law
If you have any employees most states will require you to carry worker's compensation and unemployment insurance. Some states require you to insure yourself even if you are the only employee working in the business.
Your insurance agent can help you check applicable state laws so you can bring your business into compliance.
Other Types Of Small Business Insurance
There are dozens of other, more specialized forms of small business insurance capable of covering specific problems and risks. These forms of insurance include:
- Business Interruption Insurance
- Commercial Flood Insurance
- Contractor's Insurance
- Cyber Liability
- Data Breach
- Directors and Officers
- Employment Practices Liability
- Environmental or Pollution Liability
- Management Liability
- Sexual Misconduct Liability
Whether you need any or all of these policies will depend on the results of your risk assessment. For example, you probably don't need an environmental or pollution policy if you're running an IT company out of a leased office, but you would need data breach and cyber liability policies to fully protect your business.
Also learn about small business insurance requirements for general liability, business property, commercial auto & workers compensation including small business commercial insurance costs. Call us (855) 767-7828.
Additional Resources For Commercial Auto Insurance
Learn about small business commercial auto insurance which includes liability and physical damage protection for vehicles that are used for business purposes.
- Insurance Automotive Terms Glossary
- Amazon Delivery Drivers
- Ambulance Services
- Big Rig Truck
- Bobtail Non-Trucking Liability
- Charter And Tour Bus
- Commercial Auto
- Commercial Auto Liability
- Commercial Electric Vehicle Insurance
- Commercial Van
- DoorDash, GrubHub & Uber Eats Drivers
- Dump Truck
- Food Truck
- Freight Forwarder
- Household Goods Moving
- Motor Truck Cargo
- Non-Owned And Hired Auto Liability
- Owner Operator
- Pizza Delivery
- Tow Truck
- What Are Commercial Auto Insurance Endorsements?
- What Does Commercial Auto Physical Damage Insurance Cover?
The person injured in an vehicle accident may be a child, a wage earning single parent, a brain surgeon, or even a homeless person. The costs of the accident may be relatively small or run into the millions of dollars, depending on the victim and his or her injuries. Do you have the assets to handle such costs?
Trucking operations in this chapter are among the most heavily regulated in the country. All are subject to multiple types of regulation including municipal, state and federal. The regulations are necessary because potential for severe property damage and/or bodily injury is extremely high.
All carry cargo that if not handled appropriately could have serious consequences to the cargo owner and/or the public at large. Those that carry people must prove that they keep their equipment in good condition and that employees operate in a safe, sober manner.
The insurance company pays amounts an insured is legally obligated to pay as damages because of bodily injury or property damage and certain types of pollution events covered by this insurance caused by an accident and resulting from ownership, maintenance or use of covered vehicles.
The obligation to pay is triggered only by accidental occurrences involving vehicles covered under the Business Auto Coverage Form. An eligible pollution event is covered only if it is connected to a covered bodily injury or property damage loss.
It is important that you have the proper Limit of Insurance to protect your operations. This limit is the most the insurance company pays for the total of all damages, including any covered pollution cost or expense resulting from any one covered accident, is the Covered Auto liability limit of insurance on the declarations.
This limit applies regardless of the number of insureds, autos covered, vehicles involved in an accident, premium paid, or number of claims made.
Minimum recommended small business insurance coverage: Building, Business Personal Property, Business Income and Extra Expense, Accounts Receivables, Computers, Motor Truck Cargo, Valuable Papers and Records, Employee Dishonesty, Money and Securities, General Liability, Employee Benefits, Umbrella, Motor Carriers Liability and Physical Damage, Hired and Non-owned Auto & Workers Compensation.
Other commercial insurance policies to consider: Earthquake, Flood, Mobile Equipment, Signs, Warehouse Operators' Legal Liability, Cyber Liability, Employment-related Practices, Environmental Impairment, Underground Storage Tank, Stop Gap Liability and International Coverages.
Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Information
- Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) - The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration's primary mission is to prevent commercial motor vehicle-related fatalities and injuries.
- Safer System - The FMCSA Safety and Fitness Electronic Records (SAFER) System offers company safety data and related services to industry and the public over the Internet. Users can search FMCSA databases, register for a USDOT number, pay fines online, order company safety profiles, challenge FMCSA data using the DataQs system, access the Hazardous Material Route registry, obtain National Crash and Out of Service rates for Hazmat Permit Registration, get printable registration forms and find information about other FMCSA Information Systems.
- FMCSA Forms - All forms needed for the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration.
- Update MCS 150 - Form MCS-150 and Instructions - Motor Carrier Identification Report.
- How does CSA work? - CSA (Compliance - Safety - Accountability) re-engineers the former enforcement and compliance process to provide a better view into how well large commercial motor vehicle carriers and drivers are complying with safety rules, and to intervene earlier with those who are not.