Library Insurance Policy Information
Library Insurance. Libraries house a wealth of literature and other written materials, including magazines and scientific journals. In addition, they very often offer computer and internet access to members of the public, including courses that can be accessed most easily through libraries.
Libraries may further host public events ranging from language classes to reading clubs for young children.
Libraries are designed for the collection of various types of media, from written material and publications to records, electronic games, cassette tapes, compact discs (both audio and video), and other videotapes. The library may loan its materials to visitors, or be maintained for reference only, with visitors required to use its materials on premises.
Librarians are usually available to assist visitors with their research needs. Libraries may be private, institutional, or publicly funded. They often have extensive computer networks used by visitors for internet research. Many public libraries provide meeting space for reading groups or community organizations.
Some libraries have extensive collections of rare or valuable artwork, statuary, manuscripts, or related valuable literary or musical items.
By playing an important role in promoting literacy and knowledge, libraries provide services essential to the public good. Because libraries also face a multitude of risks that could threaten both their financial future and the body of knowledge they are the guardians of, however, it is crucial for library directors and officers to consider how to protect their assets.
Carrying the right types of insurance is a key part of this. To discover what types of library insurance policies needed, keep reading.
Library insurance protects libraries from lawsuits with rates as low as $47/mo. Get a fast quote and your certificate of insurance now.
Below are some answers to commonly asked library insurance questions:
- How Much Does Library Insurance Cost?
- Why Do Libraries Need Insurance?
- What Type Of Insurance Do Libraries Need?
How Much Does Library Insurance Cost?
The average price of a standard $1,000,000/$2,000,000 General Liability Insurance policy for libraries businesses ranges from $47 to $79 per month based on location, size, type of collections, claims history and more.
Why Do Libraries Need Insurance?
Libraries need insurance because they are vulnerable to a wide range of perils. Some of these perils will be shared by virtually every public or commercial organization, as well as by private residences.
Others are more specific to libraries themselves. Some perils result in minor costs that can easily be covered by a library's own budget, while others are of such magnitude that they could force a library to close permanently.
A variety of acts of nature - like earthquakes, wildfires, serious floods, and hurricanes - pose a risk to the library building itself, as well as the books and other assets therein.
Accidents such as fires and burst pipes have the potential to do similar damage to easily-compromised paper products, and criminal acts like theft and vandalism are always a threat, too.
Many libraries are bustling hubs of activity. With members of the public around all day, there is a high risk that someone will suffer some kind of injury, whether because a bookshelf that later turns out to not have been adequately secured falls on someone or because they slip in an icy parking lot.
In these cases, a library can be held legally and financially responsible for the resulting expenses, and the injured party may file a lawsuit.
While these are not the only hazards libraries can face, they do explain why it is important to carry library insurance.
What Type Of Insurance Do Libraries Need?
Libraries will need to carry several types of insurance to protect themselves from the financial consequences of a range of risks.
The exact policies a library may want to invest vary - your needs are influences by factors like the location of the library, the types of books it houses, its number of employees, and the age of the building, as well as the materials from which it was constructed.
For optimal coverage, it is advised to consult an insurance broker. Some of the essential types of library insurance needed, however, are:
- Commercial Property - Should a library be struck by an act of nature, an accident, an act of vandalism, or other unforeseen circumstances, this kind of insurance covers the financial cost of replacing or repairing damaged or lost physical assets. This includes the building as well as books, furniture, and computers.
- General Liability - Should a third party file a lawsuit after being injured or having their property damaged on the library's premises or as a result of its activities, this type of library insurance covers the resulting legal costs and settlement fees.
- Cyber - Generally speaking, libraries now store their patrons' personal data, such as their home addresses and details of the books they checked out, digitally. Should this sensitive personal information be stolen and perhaps even made public, cyber insurance would be crucial.
- Workers Compensation - This type of insurance protects both employers and employees. In the event an employee sustains a work-related injury, it covers their medical expenses and also any lost wages if the worker is unable to resume their job for a time.
While these types of insurance are important for libraries, remember that every library is unique. Some libraries may house valuable antique books that require antiques and collectibles insurance, for instance, while every organization that uses vehicles over the course of their professional activities also needs auto insurance.
Your insurance broker will be able to advise you on the kinds of library insurance that best meet your individual needs.
Libraries' Risks & Exposures
Premises liability exposure is high due to public access to the facility. Public and life safety code compliance is very important. Bookshelves must be stabilized to prevent collapse. Good housekeeping is critical to preventing trips, slips, and falls. Stairways, railings, and floor coverings should be in good condition.
Adequate lighting, marked exits and egress are mandatory. Steps must have handrails, be well-lit, marked, and in good maintenance and repair. Parking areas should be maintained free of snow and ice.
Background checks should be conducted on all individuals, including volunteers, who work with children.
In larger cities, libraries may attract unwanted visitors during operating hours, particularly when there is inclement weather. Security at the facility, as well as in the building, corridors, and any owned parking area needs to be carefully checked and reviewed to prevent harassment or assault of other visitors.
Libraries pose an attractive nuisance hazard. There should be adequate security after hours to deter trespassers. Personal injury losses may occur due to alleged wrongful removal, invasion of privacy, or discrimination.
Workers compensation exposure is moderate. Back sprains, strains, and hernias can result from lifting. Exposure to dust and other allergens can lead to respiratory problems. Repetitive stress injuries such as carpal tunnel syndrome can occur from working with computers.
Workstations should be ergonomically designed. Security personnel should be trained to deal with unruly patrons. If there is a bookmobile, there should be regular contact with the main office.
Property exposure is moderate. Ignition sources are limited to electrical wiring, heating, and air conditioning systems. Computer networks are extensive. Electrical wiring should be up to code and adequate for the library's use. Books and electronic media can be heavily damaged by fire, smoke, or water.
There should be fire prevention and detection devices. Sprinklers should be chemical-based instead of water-based to limit the potential for damage.
If lunchrooms, restaurants, or cafeterias are located on the premises, all cooking exposures must be adequately protected and controlled. Book restoration facilities should be included in contingency plans to clean up smoke, fire, and water damage after a loss.
In older buildings, valuation will be a concern, as there may be unique architectural features that are expensive to replace after a loss. If bookmobiles are used, there will be an off-premises exposure to loss due to collision and overturn.
Libraries may be targets for vandalism and theft. There should be adequate security after hours to deter trespassers.
Crime exposure is from employee dishonesty and money and securities. Background checks should be conducted for employees who handle money or have access to rare books. Employees who are in charge of ordering must not be the same ones who handle disbursements and billings. Inventories should be conducted at least annually.
Inland marine exposure includes computers, fine arts, and valuable papers and records for clients' and media information. Visitors may inadvertently or intentionally download viruses onto computers. Library inventory and visitor lending records are generally computerized. These records should be duplicated and kept offsite.
Fine arts can include statuary, paintings, artifacts, valuable historical documents, rare or historical books, and manuscripts which may be irreplaceable. Items should be appraised by qualified, independent experts.
Adequate controls must be present to prevent, detect and deter fire, vandalism, and theft. Items used or taken off the premises can be damaged in transit or stolen. If the library assumes responsibility for items of others, such as those used for an exhibition, bailees customers coverage should be considered.
Business auto exposure is normally limited to hired and non-owned unless a bookmobile or other mobile lending vehicle is used. Drivers must be trained in the proper handling of these larger vehicles and have appropriate licenses and acceptable MVR.
Vehicles must be maintained on a regular basis with all service documented. Backup warning systems should be considered because most bookmobiles operate in areas where children or adults with limited mobility are present.
Commercial Insurance And Business Industry Classification
- SIC CODE: 8231 Libraries
- NAICS CODE: 519120 Libraries and Archives
- Suggested ISO General Liability Code(s): 66309
- Suggested Workers Compensation Code(s): 9101, 8810, 7380
Description for 8231: Libraries
Division I: Services | Major Group 82: Educational Services | Industry Group 823: Libraries
8231 Libraries: Establishments primarily engaged in providing library services, including the circulation of books and other materials for reading, study, and reference. Establishments primarily engaged in operating motion picture film libraries are classified in Industry 7829.
- Centers for documentation
- Circulating libraries
- Lending libraries
- Libraries, printed matter
- Rental of books
Library Insurance - The Bottom Line
Not all broom and brush manufacturers insurance policies are the same. You can learn if your business has the best fit insurance policies by talking to an experienced commercial insurance broker.
Library Insurance - The Bottom Line
To find out more about the specific types of library insurance policies you'll need and how much coverage you should carry, consult with a reputable broker that is experienced in commercial insurance.
Types Of Small Business Insurance - Requirements & Regulations
Perhaps you have the next great idea for a product or service that you know will appeal to your local area. If you've got a business, you've got risks. Unexpected events and lawsuits can wipe out a business quickly, wasting all the time and money you've invested.
Operating a business is challenging enough without having to worry about suffering a significant financial loss due to unforeseen and unplanned circumstances. Small business insurance can protect your company from some of the more common losses experienced by business owners, such as property damage, business interruption, theft, liability, and employee injury.
Purchasing the appropriate commercial insurance coverage can make the difference between going out of business after a loss or recovering with minimal business interruption and financial impairment to your company's operations.
Insurance is so important to proper business function that both federal governments and state governments require companies to carry certain types. Thus, being properly insured also helps you protect your company by protecting it from government fines and penalties.
Small Business Insurance Information
In the business world, there are many risks faced by company's every day. The best way that business owners can protect themselves from these perils is by carrying the right insurance coverage.
The The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) is the U.S. standard-setting and regulatory support organization. Through the NAIC, state insurance regulators establish standards and best practices, conduct peer review, and coordinate their regulatory oversight.
Commercial insurance is particularly important for small business owners, as they stand to lose a lot more. Should a situation arise - a lawsuit, property damage, theft, etc. - small business owners could end up facing serious financial turmoil.
According to the SBA, having the right insurance plan in place can help you avoid major pitfalls. Your business insurance should offer coverage for all of your assets. It should also include liability and casual coverage.
Types Of Small Business Insurance
Choosing the right type of coverage is absolutely vital. You've got plenty of options. Some you'll need. Some you won't. You should know what's available. Once you look over your options you'll need to conduct a thorough risk assessment. As you evaluate each type of insurance, ask yourself:
- What type of business am I running?
- What are common risks associated with this industry?
- Does this type of insurance cover a situation that could feasibly arise during the normal course of doing business?
- Does my state require me to carry this type of insurance?
- Does my lender or do any of my investors require me to carry this type of policy?
A licensed insurance agent or broker in your state can help you determine what kinds of coverages are prudent for your business types. If you find one licensed to sell multiple policies from multiple companies (independent agents) that person can often help you get the best insurance rates, too. Following is some information on some of the most common small business insurance policies:
|Business Insurance Policy Type||What Is Covered?|
|General Liability Insurance||What is covered under commercial general liability insurance? It steps in to pay claims when you lose a lawsuit with an injured customer, employee, or vendor. The injury could be physical, or it could be a financial loss based on advertising practices.|
|Workers Compensation Insurance||What is covered under workers compensation insurance? This type of insurance protects a business and its owner(s) from claims by employees who suffer a work-related injury, illness or disease. Workers comp typically provides the injured employee with benefits to cover medical expenses, a portion of his/her lost wages, rehabilitation costs if applicable, and permanent partial or permanent total disability.|
|Product Liability Insurance||What is covered under product liability insurance? I pays an injured party's settlement or lawsuit claim arising from a defective product. These are usually caused by design defects, manufacturing defects, or a failure to provide adequate warning or instructions as to how to safely use the product.|
|Commercial Property Insurance||What is covered under business property insurance? General liability policies don't cover damages to your business property. That's what commercial property insurance is for. It protects all of the physical parts of your business: your building, your inventory, and your equipment, giving you the funds you need to replace them in the event of a disaster. If you work from home, you might consider a Home Based Business Insurance policy instead.|
|Business Owners Policy (BOP)||What is covered under a business owners policy (BOP)? This is a policy designed for small, low-risk businesses. It simplifies the basic insurance purchase process by combining general liability policies with business income and commercial property insurance.|
|Commercial Auto Insurance||What is covered under business auto insurance? This type of insurance covers automobiles being used for business purposes. This could include a fleet of business-only vehicles or a single company car. In some cases it might cover your car or your employee's car while they're being used for business. These policies have much higher limits, ensuring you can cover your costs if one of these vehicles gets into an accident.|
|Commercial Umbrella Policies||What is covered under commercial umbrella insurance? This type of policy is a sort of "gap" insurance. It covers your liability in the event that a court verdict or settlement exceeds your general liability policy limits.|
|Liquor Liability Insurance||What is covered under liquor liability insurance? It covers bodily injury or property damage caused by an intoxicated person who was served liquor by the policy holder.|
|Professional Liability (Errors & Omissions)||What is covered under professional liability insurance? This type of business insurance is also known as malpractice oe E&O. It covers the damages that can arise from major mistakes, especially in high-stakes professions where mistakes can be devastating.|
|Surety Bond||What is covered under surety bonds? Bonding is a contract where one party, the SURETY (who assures the obligee that the principal can perform the task), guarantees the performance of certain obligations of a second party, the PRINCIPAL (the contractor or business who will perform the contractual obligation), to a third party, the OBLIGEE (the project owner who is the recipient of an obligation).|
Who Needs General Liability Insurance? - Virtually every business. A single lawsuit or settlement could bankrupt your business five times over. You might also need this policy to win business. Many companies and government agencies won't do business with your company until you can produce proof that you've obtained one of these policies.
Business Insurance Required by Law
If you have any employees most states will require you to carry worker's compensation and unemployment insurance. Some states require you to insure yourself even if you are the only employee working in the business.
Your insurance agent can help you check applicable state laws so you can bring your business into compliance.
Other Types Of Small Business Insurance
There are dozens of other, more specialized forms of small business insurance capable of covering specific problems and risks. These forms of insurance include:
- Business Interruption Insurance
- Commercial Flood Insurance
- Contractor's Insurance
- Cyber Liability
- Data Breach
- Directors and Officers
- Employment Practices Liability
- Environmental or Pollution Liability
- Management Liability
- Sexual Misconduct Liability
Whether you need any or all of these policies will depend on the results of your risk assessment. For example, you probably don't need an environmental or pollution policy if you're running an IT company out of a leased office, but you would need data breach and cyber liability policies to fully protect your business.
Also learn about small business insurance requirements for general liability, business property, commercial auto & workers compensation including small business commercial insurance costs. Call us (855) 767-7828.
Additional Resources For Non-Profit Insurance
Find useful articles on business insurance for non-profit 501(c)(3) organizations, charities and associations.
- Animal Shelter & Pet Rescue
- Classic & Collector Car Clubs
- Credit Union
- Fraternal Organization
- Goodwill Insustries
- Labor Union
- Parent Teacher Organization
- Public Administration
- Red Cross Chapters
- Salvation Army
- Social Work Services
- Veterans Groups
- Volunteers of America
- Youth Groups
For 501(c) Non-Profits - Directors And Officers Liability Insurance has become an increasingly important policy to have. D&O coverage protects insured directors or officers against claims involving allegations of wrongful acts occurring while performing their duties as such. The insurance is divided into two separate coverages:
Side A coverage reimburses the individual directors and officers for payments made for loss each has incurred because of wrongful acts.
Side B coverage reimburses the corporation for the payments it has made on behalf of the directors or officers themselves.
General Liability is a foundational policy for almost any business. Most companies do not have any control over the final cost of injuries to a person injured because of their operations, products, or services. The person injured may be a young child, a blue-collar worker, a surgeon, or a homeless person.
The cost of the injuries may be comparatively minor or run into the millions of dollars, depending on the person and the extent of his or her injuries. Do you have sufficient assets to pay such a loss?
Commercial general liability insurance is designed to help you protect your assets with three main coverages:
- Coverage A: Bodily Injury and Property Damage Liability
- Coverage B: Personal and Advertising Injury Liability
- Coverage C: Medical Payments
Minimum recommended small business insurance coverage: Building, Business Personal Property, Business Income and Extra Expense, Employee Dishonesty, Money and Securities, Computers, Valuable Papers and Records, General Liability, Directors and Officers Liability, Employee Benefits, Professional, Umbrella, Hired and Non-owned Auto & Workers Compensation.
Other commercial insurance policies to consider: Earthquake, Equipment Breakdown, Flood, Computer Fraud, Forgery, Fine Arts, Musical Instruments, Commercial Articles Floater, Computers, Cyber Liability, Employment-related Practices, Business Auto Liability and Physical Damage and Stop Gap Liability.