Vermont Refinery Insurance Policy Information
Vermont Refinery Insurance. Oil refineries, also called petroleum refineries, are industrial plants in which crude oil is processed to create byproducts such as petroleum, gasoline, kerosene, and asphalt. In addition to complex processing plants, oil refineries will also feature large-scale storage facilities and a piping systems.
Refineries take unprocessed petroleum, fossil fuel or crude oil, add or treat it with chemicals, remove the natural gas, and then heat it to remove the excess water, moisture, waste solids, and contaminants.
Refineries may operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Once the refining process is complete, the petroleum and natural gas usually are stored in large tanks in the yard until ready for transport. Some refineries use pipelines as a distribution method.
Since so much of the world economy depends on petroleum products, there is no question that oil refineries play a vital role in modern society. These operations also, however, face a wide variety of serious risks - and each mishap an oil refinery falls victim to may result in devastating financial consequences.
What types of Vermont refinery insurance coverage might these industrial operations require to protect themselves? For answers, keep reading.
Why is insurance important for refinery? What type of coverage do you need? Below, you'll find the answers to these questions and more so that you can make sure that you, your employees, the people that you serve - and your business as a whole - are properly protected.
Vermont refinery insurance protects your petroleum refining business from lawsuits with rates as low as $747/mo. Get a fast quote and your certificate of insurance now.
Why Do VT Refineries Need Insurance?
Given the value of the assets owned by oil refineries, this question answers itself loudly and clearly. Commercial ventures, generally speaking, require insurance for a variety of key reasons - to meet legal requirements, to secure lender cooperation, to protect themselves from the costs of property damage and loss, and to safeguard themselves against lawsuits.
Although oil refineries operate on a grander scale than many other businesses, they are, in this regard, no different.
Oil refineries could be impacted by serious accidents that lead to extensive property damage and environmental harm. They could be hard-hit by acts of nature like earthquakes and wildfires, which are difficult to predict and even harder to protect against. Various kinds of theft and vandalism, such as employee theft or digital data breaches, are other threats. Essential equipment may malfunction and require urgent repair or replacement.
Then, there are numerous liability risks. These may range from situations in which employees suffer work-related injuries or illnesses related to exposure to hazardous substances to third parties becoming hurt on the premises and alleging that the refinery's negligence was the cause.
Insurance plays an absolutely essential role in reducing the costs associated with all these, and other, perils that VT refineries may encounter, and as such, it is clear that petroleum refining operations need to consider their Vermont refinery insurance coverage options extremely carefully.
What Type Of Insurance Do Vermont Refineries Need?
Navigating the process of obtaining adequate commercial insurance is always a difficult task, but for a branch of industry as fraught with risk and uncertainty as the oil industry, the complexity increases.
Numerous factors, ranging from the location of the refinery to the shipping methods, and from the volumes processed to the value of a refinery's equipment and its number of employees, determine an oil refinery's insurance needs.
While commercial insurance brokers who specialize in the oil industry ultimately help an oil refining businesses craft the Vermont refinery insurance plan that will best serve them, these core types of insurance are usually always needed:
- Commercial Property - This form of insurance covers the costs of property damage and loss following perils such as acts of nature, accidents, theft, and fire. Because these policies are extremely diverse in what they cover, special attention should always be paid when selecting the best plan.
- Commercial General & Excess Liability - Commercial general liability coverage helps companies manage the legal costs associated with third party bodily injury and property damage claims. Companies engaged in activities with high risk profiles, such as oil refineries, will further require excess liability insurance. This additional insurance essentially picks up where general liability coverage runs out.
- Inland Marine - Designed to safeguard valuable goods, including crude oil and specialized equipment, as it they are transit, this form of Vermont refinery insurance will likewise be essential to oil refineries in case of collisions, other accidents, theft, and vandalism.
- Environmental Liability - To protect themselves from the exorbitant costs associated with lawsuits in which it is alleged that the company was responsible for inflicting damage to the environment, environmental liability insurance has an important function in managing the financial aftermath of potential spills and other incidents.
- Workers Compensation - This form of coverage protects both companies and their employees. Whether due to accidents that lead to physical trauma or occupational exposure to hazardous chemicals used in oil processing, workers' comp covers the costs arising from occupational injuries. That may mean medical bills and sick leave, but also, in the most extreme of circumstances, death benefits.
These are merely examples of the kinds of Vermont refinery insurance that petroleum refining companies need to carry to protect their financial health.
Commercial insurance brokers specializing in the oil industry are able to offer detailed advice to any individual refinery, based on their unique circumstances.
VT Refinery's Risks & Exposures
Premises liability exposure is extremely high due to the potential for a catastrophic event such as an explosion. While refineries are generally located away from residential and business areas, toxic chemicals could be dispersed over a wide area, damaging property and causing bodily injury.
Access to the refinery should be restricted by fences and adequate security monitoring as they may be targeted by environmental activists or terrorists.
Products liability exposure could be serious if a contaminant is introduced during the refining processed and passed on to consumers. Contaminated fuel can cause an engine to fail, which could be a problem with vehicles, but even more deadly with airline fuel. Quality control is critical. .
Environmental impairment exposure is severe due to the potential for air, water and ground pollution.
The industry's products are regulated by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and are subject to rigorous standards regarding the composition of finished products, such as gasoline and diesel fuels. Disaster planning is critical to minimize the environmental effects of a chemical leak or an explosion.
Workers compensation exposures are extreme. Employees work with chemicals that can result in burns or eye, skin, or lung irritation. Falls from heights, cuts, burns, lung damage, and lifting injuries are possible.
An explosion could result in a large number of workers being killed. Since refineries may operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, adequate supervision is required for all workers.
Training, careful monitoring, use of safety equipment and adherence to strict disciplines are the only way to prevent accidents that can maim or kill.
Property exposure is extremely high because of the flammable gases and liquids that are part of the process. Explosions are the primary cause of refinery fires, and may result in loss of use of the entire facility. Ignition sources should be separated from areas where petroleum is being processed as a fire may result from a vapor leak.
Refining equipment is very expensive, and the value of finished goods continues to increase exponentially. While crude oil is not highly flammable, finished products such as gasoline or diesel fuel are highly combustible. Crude oil may take a while to begin burning but is incredibly difficult to extinguish.
Fire suppression systems and tight controls are part of any refinery. The potential for theft and vandalism can be high due to its value. Alarms, premises controls, and other security measures are needed to prevent unauthorized access.
Business income exposure is severe as the entire facility may be shut down after a loss. Rebuilding could take years, not months, and an alternative production facility is not likely to be available.
Equipment breakdown exposure is severe due to the use of boilers and heavy equipment during the refining process. Operators may be required to be licensed. Safety valves should be in place and tested regularly.
Crime exposure is from employee dishonesty. All ordering, billing and disbursements must be handled as separate job duties and regularly audited. Background checks should be conducted prior to hiring any employee. Physical inventories should be conducted on a regular basis.
Inland marine exposures include accounts receivable, computers, goods in transit, and valuable papers and records. High-valued computers may be used to run the refinery operations. Computers should be regularly inspected and data backed up.
Pipelines may extend over hundreds or thousands of miles of rough terrain. These are subject to weather conditions, vandalism, and natural disasters.
Commercial auto exposure is high if the operation does any pickup or delivery of unprocessed petroleum or finished products. All drivers transporting goods must have appropriate HAZ-MAT licenses, and their MVRs should be reviewed on a regular basis. Vehicles should be regularly maintained, with documentation retained.
An awareness of cleanup techniques should be required. Routes must be laid out to prevent potential overturns, which can result in high cleanup and decontamination costs. Private passenger vehicles may be provided to executives or sales representatives, requiring standards for personal use.
Vermont Refinery Insurance - The Bottom Line
To learn more about the exact types of Vermont refinery insurance policies you'll need, how much coverage you should carry and the costs, consult with a reputable agent that is experienced in commercial insurance.
Vermont Economic Data, Regulations And Limits On Commercial Insurance
For business-minded individuals who are either thinking about launching their first organization or established entrepreneurs who would like to expand their operations, there are several factors that need to be taken into consideration before proceeding. Of those factors, top on the list of importance is location.
The target market and demographics of a location must be favorable for the industry in order for a business to be successful. By analyzing the unemployment rate of a specific state and the key industries that are flourishing with that state, business owners can determine whether or not the will amass the success they are hoping to achieve.
In addition to understanding the economic data of a state, it's also important for proprietors to know what type of commercial insurance they are required to carry.
If you're considering Vermont as the headquarters of your operation for a branch of your already existing business, read on to for an overview of the economic data and commercial insurance requirements in the Green Mountain State.
Economic Trends For Business Owners In Vermont
In December of 2019, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the unemployment rate in Vermont was 2.3%; 1.2% lower than the national average of 3.5% during the same time period. While the state's unemployment rate did rise slightly – it was 2.1% in July of 2019, for example – these statistics sill indicate that Vermont has a healthy economy that is conducive for business owners and residents of the state.
The favorable tax climate, the healthy environment, and the overall quality of life in Vermont are just some of the reasons why the economy in this state is booming.
As in most states, densely populated urban areas offer the most promise for businesses. These regions offer a larger workforce and market than smaller suburban and rural areas, they're easier to access, and they are more closely connected with surrounding states and the region of New England, as a whole.
With that said, the top places to start a business in Vermont include:
Several industries are seeing significant growth in Vermont. At the time of writing, the following sectors were seeing the most growth in the state:
- Food and beverage
- Health care
- Hospitality and tourism
- Professional services
Commercial Insurance Requirements In Vermont
The Vermont Department of Financial Regulation regulates insurance in VT. Vermont mandates very few forms of insurance coverage by law. They enforce worker's compensation.
Vermont requires you to have worker's compensation insurance if you hire even one employee on a regular basis. This includes part-time employees, family members, minors, and immigrant employees. It is not required for independent contractors or domestic employees, though you should check to make sure any contractors you have are true contractors, and not employees.
Vermont also requires all business-owned vehicles to be covered by commercial auto insurance. Other types of business insurance that business owners should carry depend on the specific industry.
Additional Resources For Miscellaneous Insurance
Find informative articles on miscellaneous businesses including the types of commercial insurance they need, costs and other considerations.
- Adult Daycare
- Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting
- Bail Agent
- Control of Well
- Electric Utilities
- Employment / Staffing Agency
- Engraving Business
- Facility Support Services
- Flight Schools
- Hot Air Balloon
- Mail Order
- Oil And Gas Lease
- Personal Concierge
- Photofinishing Lab
- Portable Sanitation
- Printers & Publishers
- Private Water Districts
- Process Server
- RV Parks & Campgrounds
- Security Guard
- Surety Bonds
- Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) Drone
- Waste Disposal Landfill
- Wedding Planner
An insurance contract is an agreement where one party obligates itself to make good the financial loss or damage sustained by a second party when a designated event occurs. The event must be fortuitous and happen by accident. The named insured must have insurable interest at the time of loss. One final point is that in order for any contract to be considered insurance, there must be a risk of loss.
Fortuitous Event - An occurrence largely beyond the control of any involved party; happening by chance; accidental; for example: fire, lightning, windstorm, explosion or flood.
Insurable Interest - In order to recover from a loss to property, the holder must have an insurable interest in the property at the time of the event or occurrence. An insurable interest is any right, title or interest in property where the holder of that right, title or interest sustains financial loss if the property is damaged or destroyed. Any lawful and substantial economic interest in the safety or preservation of the property from loss, destruction or damage also constitutes an insurable interest.
An entity does not have to be the property owner to have an insurable interest in it. Examples include, but are not limited to, mortgagees, trustees, vendors, lessees and bailees. Insurable interest for any entity must exist at the time the loss occurs.
Risk Of Loss - If property could never be destroyed, there is no risk of loss. If property must necessarily disintegrate or be destroyed, there is no risk of loss. Between these two extremes is the exposure of risk that can be insured.
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