DC Small Business Health Insurance Plans
Washington DC Small Business Health Insurance Plans 2023. The following is an overview of the rules that govern small group health insurance plans in the State of Washington DC.
The information that is discussed below includes the laws that have been mandated by the Affordable Care Act (ACA or "Obamacare"), as well as the laws that are required by Washington DC State government.
If you own and operate a DC small business and you already offer small group health insurance or you're thinking about offering small group health insurance - this guide can help you better understand the regulations, requirements and available Washington DC small business health insurance plans available.
Learn how to get Washington DC small business health insurance plans for 1 to 50 employees. The best small business health insurance providers in DC offer affordable rates, flexible coverage options and access to a large network of medical providers.
Below are some answers to commonly asked DC small business health insurance plan questions:
- How Much Does Washington DC Small Business Health Insurance Cost?
- What Are The Small Business Health Insurance Regulations In Washington DC?
- Does Washington DC Participate In The Affordable Care Act?
- What Are The Affordable Care Act Requirements For Washington DC Small Businesses?
- How Are DC Health Insurance Premiums Are Determined?
- What Types Of Health Insurance Plans Are Available For Washington DC Small Businesses?
How Much Does Washington DC Small Business Health Insurance Cost?
The average price of a standard Washington DC small business health insurance policy ranges from around $583 to over $1706 per employee per month based on; single or family, location, coverages offered, deductibles and more.
What Are The Small Business Health Insurance Regulations In Washington DC?
Though it isn't a state, similar to the 50 United States, the District of Columbia has established rules and regulations that pertain to small business health insurance.
If you own and operate a business in Washington DC and employ 50 or fewer full-time-equivalent employees (FTEs), you aren't required to offer your employees Washington DC small business health insurance plans; however, if you choose to, you may.
On the other hand, if you employ 50 or more FTEs, you are legally required to provide your employees with health insurance coverage, as your business is considered an applicable large employer, as per the United Stated federal government. As such, if you fail to provide your employees with small group health insurance coverage, stiff penalties may be imposed on you.
In Washington, DC, companies that sell health insurance policies must offer small businesses health insurance. The insurance company are legally allowed to impose certain rules and regulations on these policies, and they must follow the regulations that have been established by the government.
For example, the health insurance company can stipulate a minimum participation requirement, which requires that a certain number of your employees must participate in the policy; otherwise, the plan can be terminated.
Furthermore, the health insurance company can require you, the employer, to pay a certain amount toward your employees' premiums, and the insurer can dictate that amount.
The cost of small group health insurance in Washington, DC can be based on specific factors, including the age, health status, and gender of the group; however, these factors and the premiums must be within a certain limit.
In order to protect the group that is insured by the policy, Washington, DC health insurance regulations are not permitted to cancel existing policies because one of the insured individuals suffer an injury or develop an illness that requires medical care.
According to DC Department of Human Resources, The Affordable Care Act requires certain employers to offer health insurance coverage to full-time employees and their dependents. Further, those employers must send an annual statement to all employees eligible for coverage describing the insurance available to them. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) created Form 1095-C to serve as that statement.
Does Washington DC Participate In The Affordable Care Act?
In 2010, the Affordable Care Act (ACA or "ObamaCare") was passed by the United States Congress and was signed into law by Obama. Following its passage, provisions of the law have continued to be phased in, and as of January 1, 2014, the majority of American citizens and legal residents of the United States are required, by law, to have qualifying health care coverage.
If they fail to have coverage, they are responsible for paying an annual tax penalty for each month they aren't insured, which is known as the "individual mandate".
The cost of the penalty for failure to have qualifying coverage is $95 per adult and $47.50 per child, or 1% of your total taxable income; whichever amount is higher - as much as $285 per family. In 2017, the penalty increased, and has continued to increase thereafter.
Qualifying Exemptions For The Individual Mandate
Individuals who meet one of the following are exempt from the individual mandate and the associated tax penalties in DC:
- Illegal aliens
- Jailed individuals
- Religious objections
- The cost of health insurance coverage is higher than 8% of your household income
- Those who aren't covered for less than three months during the calendar year
- Those who have hardship waivers
- Your income level is blow the 100% poverty level
What Are The Affordable Care Act Requirements For Washington DC Small Businesses?
If you're a small business owner in Washington DC, you must provide your employees with insurance. This is a requirement that was put into place by the Affordable Care Act.
Referred to as the Employer Shared Responsibility provision, all employers must offer their employees at least one of the ACA-compliant Washington DC small business health insurance plans, otherwise then can face fines of up to $2,000 per employee.
Washington DC small business owners can purchase coverage for their employees through the state's Small Health Option Program (SHOP) exchange, or from a private insurance agent or broker.
Affordable Care Act Standardized Essential Health Benefits
As per the ACA, all qualifying health insurance plans must offer 10 standardized essential benefits.
Depending on the state, additional benefits may also be required. The 10 ACA standardized essential benefits are as follows:
- Ambulatory patient services (medical care that is offered without being admitted to a hospital)
- Emergency services
- Hospitalizations, such as overnight stays and surgical procedures
- Lab services
- Mental health and substance abuse disorder services, including behavioral health treatments, such as psychotherapy and counseling
- Pediatric health care services, including vision and oral care; however, adult vision and dental coverage aren't essential health benefits under ACA
- Pregnancy, maternity, and newborn care, including before and after birth
- Prescription pharmaceuticals
- Preventative and wellness services, as well as management for chronic diseases
- Rehabilitative and habilitative services and devices, including services and devices for injuries, disabilities, and chronic health conditions
Standardized Washington DC Small Business Health Insurance Plans
In order to make it easier to compare costs and benefits, the Affordable Care Act has designated all qualifying Washington DC small business health insurance plans to be one of four metal colors, including Bronze, Silver, Gold, and Platinum.
Each of these designations is based on the average amount of health care costs that the plan will cover, which is illustrates at percentages of how much the insurance company will cover for health care, as well as the amount the insured will have to pay out-of-pocket.
All insurance companies that are participating in the federal or state health care exchange program must offer at least the Silver and Gold Washington DC small business health insurance plans.
All four of the metal plans have a shared maximum out-of-pocked amount that the insured can be charged during any calendar year. The following table illustrates this information:
|Metal Plan||Insurer Pays / Insured Pays|
|Bronze||60% / 40%|
|Silver||70% / 30%|
|Gold||80% / 20%|
|Platinum||90% / 10%|
As per the ACA, individuals cannot be denied coverage or charged higher premiums because of their past health history, or their gender.
Additionally, look-back and waiting periods cannot be imposed. Additionally, policies are effective when they are issued and all coverage is renewable if the individual chooses to renew the policy.
However, plans can be canceled if the individual fails to pay their premiums or commits fraud.
How Are DC Health Insurance Premiums Determined?
A premium is the amount the insured must pay out-of-pocket in order to maintain their health insurance policy. The premiums that are charged for any of the qualifying metal plans can be based on the following:
- Age of the individual
- Whether or not the individual uses tobacco
- Where the individual lives, based on a rating area
- The number of family members who will be enrolling
What Types Of Health Insurance Plans Are Available For Washington DC Small Businesses?
While there are several types of health insurance plans to choose from, the following plans are the most popular among DC small business owners:
Health Maintenance Organization - Simply known as an "HMO", this type of plan offers a variety of health-related services via a network of health care providers and hospitals that exclusively contract with the HMO, or who agree to offer their services to members of the HMO. Employees who participate in this type of plan usually have to choose a primary care physician (PCP), and receive most of their care from this physician. If a specialist is needed, the PCP will recommend one that is affiliated with the HMO.
Preferred Provider Organization - More commonly referred to simply as "PPO", this type of health insurance plan is the most common among Washington DC small business owners. The insurance company provides a preferred list of health care providers, and employees must receive their medical care from the doctors and hospitals on that list for their claims to be paid at the highest level possible - but they also have the flexibility to see any other provider anywhere in or out of state.
Point-of-Service Plan - Known as a (POS), this type of health insurance plan provides access to health care services at a lower overall cost, but with fewer choices. Members can access care from in-network or out-of-network providers and facilities, but coverage is better when you stay in-network. POS plans may vary, but generally, plans are considered a blend of HMO and PPO plans - offering more flexibility than HMOs, but less than PPOs.
Health Savings Account - A health savings account (HSA) is a special type of bank account that allows participants in the insurance plan to save money that can be used specifically for the medical care they require in the future. HSA-qualified health insurance plans are usually PPO plans that are specifically designed to be used with an HSA.
Indemnity Health Insurance - This type of health insurance plan allows members to control their own health care and to visit any doctor or hospital they choose. The insurance company would then pay a pre-determined percentage of the total charges for the services that were rendered. Employees may have to pay for some types of services up-front and then they can submit a request for reimbursement with the insurance company.
Washington DC Small Business Health Insurance Plans - The Bottom Line
We strongly advise business owners to speak with a CPA and a DC health insurance broker before jumping in and getting any type of the Washington DC small business health insurance plans available.
Make sure that you know exactly what each option can do for your company and the potential drawbacks associated with it.
Learn about Washington D.C. small business insurance requirements for general liability, business property, commercial auto & workers compensation including District of Columbia business insurance costs. Call us (202) 800-5202.
Small Business Health Insurance Plans By State
You can find more state specific small business health insurance information including requirments and coverage by clicking on the state below:
- North Carolina
- New Hampshire
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
- New York
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
- South Carolina
- South Dakota
- Washington D.C.
- West Virginia