Cemetery Insurance Michigan Policy Information
Cemetery Insurance Michigan. It may not seem like a place that is as somber as a cemetery would be at risk of legal issues, but the truth is, they are. There are several unique challenges and risks that the owner of a cemetery can face, and these challenges and risks have the potential to cause serious financial and professional harm.
As a MI cemetery owner, your top priority is to make the people you work with feel comforted during their darkest hours and as they visit your property to pay respects to their loved ones. However, a single injury on your site or an incident that involves providing poor service can do serious damage to your reputation and your business. Furthermore, your property is susceptible to things like vandalism, fires, floods, and even theft - just like any other business.
Cemeteries are the final resting places for deceased persons. Operations may be limited to providing land for in-ground burials, digging the gravesites, covering the graves after the coffins have been lowered, and providing ongoing maintenance to grave markers and landscaping. Some offer crypts, vaults, or mausoleums for above-ground burials or niches for cremated remains. The cemetery may offer "green" burials where the deceased is interred without a coffin or a forested area where cremated remains may be scattered. Some have memorial chapels where funeral services may be conducted. A few offer their facilities to the community for such events as classes, seminars, and weddings.
Cemeteries may be related to or associated with funeral homes or mortuaries and provide all related body preparation services prior to interment or cremation, sell coffins, flowers, assorted memorial items, and monuments or headstones, including engraving or decorating. Cemeteries may provide or have access to crematory services. Some cemeteries offer similar services for deceased animals, such as pet dogs or cats.
In order to safeguard yourself and your business from the potential travesties that can arise, having the right cemetery insurance Michigan coverage is vital. From property to liability coverage, find out what type of insurance protection you need.
Cemetery insurance Michigan protects your business from lawsuits with rates as low as $57/mo. Get a fast quote and your certificate of insurance now.
Commercial Property Insurance For Cemeteries
Though your business is quite unique, the property faces many of the same risks that other types of business properties face. Risks include damage as a result of weather-related events, fires, vandalism, and more. Should a gravestone in your cemetery be vandalized or a strong wind knock down a fence, you are responsible for paying for the repairs.
Repairs to your business' property can be exhaustively expensive. That's why it's important to have commercial property insurance coverage. This policy will cover the cost of repairing or replacing anything on your property that has been damaged as a result of weather-related events, fires, vandalism, and more. It can help you avoid having to spend a tremendous amount of money out of your own pocket. And since the property of a cemetery is constantly exposed to various threats, paying to repair or replace damages can cause serious financial distress.
Liability Insurance For Cemeteries
As a MI cemetery owner, you are legally liable for anything that happens on your property. However, even if you have property insurance, it won't cover situations that are related to liability claims. For instance, slips and falls, damage to other people's property, and failure to deliver a service that you promised are things that your property insurance will not cover. That's why it's important for you to also invest in liability insurance. There are two types of liability policies cemetery owners should carry. Some of the most important include:
- Commercial General Liability Insurance. This policy will protect you from any personal injury or property damage claims. For instance, if someone slips and falls while visiting your cemetery and sustains an injury or a piece of equipment damages someone's vehicle, you would be held legally responsible and would have to cover the cost of any damages. A commercial generally liability insurance policy will help you avoid having to pay for those damages out of your own pocket.
- Professional Liability Insurance. Also known as errors and omissions insurance, this type of policy can help you cover cost associated with lawsuits that may be filed against you if you make a professional mistake or an oversight, or if you fail to deliver a service that you promised. For example, if you failed to have a cemetery plot prepared before the time that a burial was arranged, you could be sued. Your E&O insurance could cover the cost of the lawsuit.
Other Types of Insurance Coverage For Cemeteries
Some other types of cemetery insurance Michigan coverage cemeteries should consider investing in include:
- Workers Compensation. If one of your employees sustains a work-related injury or illness, this type of insurance policy will cover medical costs of the injury and more.
- Business Auto. If you use vehicles for any type of transportation, such as hearses and limousines, business auto insurance is highly recommended.
- Business Interruption. If you are forced to close down temporarily, you could lose a substantial amount of business and money. A business interruption insurance policy will cover losses if your business is interrupted for some reason.
MI Cemeteries' Risks & Exposures
Property exposure due to fire is usually low because there are few buildings and a limited number of ignition sources. Most cemeteries will have maintenance buildings to keep equipment and supplies necessary to excavate burial sites. Many have office buildings to transact business with customers. Some have above-ground open air or closed mausoleums. Larger cemeteries may have chapels where services may be performed. Buildings should be maintained with updated wiring and good housekeeping. Adequate security is required to prevent vandalism.
An on-premises crematory increases the exposure to fire loss due to the extremely high temperatures required to cremate a body. There must be adequate clearances as the flue exits the chimney and a shut-off valve in place to prevent overheating. Fuels used for crematory ovens include liquid petroleum, natural gas, or home heating oil. These must be stored in approved containers.
Premises liability exposures are high due to the number of visitors to the premises. At a burial, visitors may be under considerable stress, grieving, and unaware of their surroundings. Elderly and/or disabled individuals may attend. There should be sufficient personnel to direct, assist and be able to handle emergencies.
Grass and weeds must be properly cut and trimmed and stones, monuments, and markers must be clearly visible. Parking lots and sidewalks must be in good condition and kept free of ice and snow. If “green” burials are offered, the land must be maintained to prevent excess settling that could lead to a trip or fall hazard. Additional security may be required for high-profile burials. Cemeteries can pose an attractive nuisance hazard. There should be adequate security after hours to deter trespassers.
Environmental impairment exposures are from insecticides and pesticides used for maintaining the grounds, the decomposition of remains, and leaching of metals from burial containers and their fastenings due to corrosion. Bacteria or toxic chemicals, such as arsenic, formaldehyde, lead, or zinc, may seep into the soil or groundwater.
Professional liability or errors and omissions exposures is moderate as improper handling of a body can result in claims of emotional distress by family members. There should be excellent documentation regarding the identification of the deceased and accurate records maintained of occupied gravesites. Should cremation or other services be outsourced, the cemetery should be sure there is adequate liability coverage in place from the outsource vendor.
Crime exposure is due to employee dishonesty. Background checks should be performed on employees handling money. Billing, ordering, and disbursements must be kept as separate duties. Customers often pay in advance for the purchase of the plots, mausoleum space, and perpetual care. Most states now require that these funds be held in trust. An outside firm must audit these funds regularly.
Workers compensation exposure can be high due to work with machinery to dig and cover gravesites. Workers may trip and fall on the uneven ground or into open gravesites. Lawn and ground maintenance can include the application and exposure to pesticides and insecticides, resulting in contact dermatitis and injury to eyes or lungs. If there is any manual ground preparation, exposure to back injuries or hernias from lifting is very high.
Inland marine exposure comes from accounts receivable if the cemetery bills customers for services, computers, contractors’ equipment, and valuable papers and records for burial registers. Earth-moving, mowing, and landscaping equipment is used to dig and cover the graves and maintain the grounds. Contracts should be reviewed to determine who is responsible for the monuments and other statuary. If the cemetery is responsible, bailees coverage should be considered. Duplicates of burial records should be made and kept off site to prevent sites from being reused.
Automobile exposure will generally be limited to vehicles necessary to maintain the grounds and hired nonownership liability for employees running errands in their own vehicles. All drivers must have appropriate licenses and acceptable MVRs. Vehicles must be maintained and the records kept in a central location.
Crematories also need commercial insurance in the event that someone is injured on the property, or if an error or other problem occurs during the cremation process. Families can sue crematories for a many reasons. What if remains were improperly handled? What if you do not handle a deceased person's remains according to the family's wishes? There is a big legal exposure.
MI cemeteries are their own unique businesses, and owners of these businesses can face several legal risks. That's why it's important to make sure you are properly protected with the right type of insurance coverage.
Michigan Economic Data And Business Insurance Requirements
Business owners who are interested in establishing operations Michigan must have a thorough understanding of the state's economy. They should also familiarize themselves with any regulations and limits that state may have in place for commercial insurance.
Any entrepreneur who is thinking about starting a business in the Great Lake State first needs to determine if it's a feasible location for business operations. As such, it's important to have a keen understanding of pertinent details regarding the economy of Michigan, in addition to the types of insurance coverage that are mandatory for corporations that operate within the state.
Economic Trends for Businesses In Michigan
After a long period of stagnant job growth in the early part of the 21st century, MI has been experiencing a steady increase in employment gains. Between 2009 and 2018, the state has enjoyed a period of uninterrupted job growth; the longest stretch of job growth since World War II. According to economists at the University of Michigan. While there has been a slight decline in the rate of job growth, job creation continues and forecasters say will continue for the next two years, into 2021.
In 2018, an estimated 55,200 jobs were created; in 2019, it's expected that 35,800 jobs will be created, and in 2020, economists believe that there will be a total of 39,300 jobs created in Michigan. While that rate of growth is 1.9 percent slower than the job growth rate between 2011 and 2016, it is still a steady increase overall. In total, approximate 683,200 jobs will be created in MI between 2099 and 2020; almost four out of the five jobs that were lost during the early part of the 21st century will be recovered.
While the unemployment rate has steadily improved, it is still above the national average. In March of 2019, the national unemployment rate was 3.8 percent, while in the state of Michigan, it was 4.0 percent. Mid-Michigan has experienced the largest growth rate in the state, and according to forecasters, it looks like that trend will continue, moving forward. Industries that are expected to see the most growth include:
- Energy, due largely to research and development in clean energy
- Food and agriculture
- Transportation and mobility
- Healthcare industry
- Information and technology
In the state of MI, business owners are not legally required to carry liability insurance; but most entrepreneurs opt to invest in a General Liability or Business Owner's Policy (BOP). A commercial auto insurance policy is also required for any businesses that use motor vehicles to conduct any aspect of their business operations. Workers' compensation insurance is also required for any businesses with non-owner employees. While the following forms of coverage are not required, depending on the type of business you operate, they are recommended:
- Data breach insurance
- Business income insurance
- Commercial Umbrella insurance
Additional Resources For Miscellaneous & Non-Profit Insurance
Find informative articles on miscellaneous businesses including the types of commercial insurance they need, costs and other considerations.
- Adult Daycare
- Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting
- Bail Agent
- Control of Well
- Electric Utilities
- Employment / Staffing Agency
- Engraving Business
- Facility Support Services
- Flight Schools
- Hot Air Balloon
- Mail Order
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- Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) Drone
- Waste Disposal Landfill
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An insurance contract is an agreement where one party obligates itself to make good the financial loss or damage sustained by a second party when a designated event occurs. The event must be fortuitous and happen by accident. The named insured must have insurable interest at the time of loss. One final point is that in order for any contract to be considered insurance, there must be a risk of loss.
Fortuitous Event - An occurrence largely beyond the control of any involved party; happening by chance; accidental; for example: fire, lightning, windstorm, explosion or flood.
Insurable Interest - In order to recover from a loss to property, the holder must have an insurable interest in the property at the time of the event or occurrence. An insurable interest is any right, title or interest in property where the holder of that right, title or interest sustains financial loss if the property is damaged or destroyed. Any lawful and substantial economic interest in the safety or preservation of the property from loss, destruction or damage also constitutes an insurable interest.
An entity does not have to be the property owner to have an insurable interest in it. Examples include, but are not limited to, mortgagees, trustees, vendors, lessees and bailees. Insurable interest for any entity must exist at the time the loss occurs.
Risk Of Loss - If property could never be destroyed, there is no risk of loss. If property must necessarily disintegrate or be destroyed, there is no risk of loss. Between these two extremes is the exposure of risk that can be insured.
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