Swine Hog And Pig Farm Insurance Michigan Policy Information
Swine Hog And Pig Farm Insurance Michigan. Raising swine, pigs, and hogs to sell can be a lucrative, but risky business. The livestock industry can be unpredictable and filled with unknowns.
Swine farmers raise pigs primarily for meat and lard, although some also supply skin for making leather goods. Pigs are generally bred on-site using boars or artificial insemination.
Sows produce an average litter of twelve piglets which can be raised in confinement or free-range with indoor housing available during inclement weather and at night due to predators. While pigs love to forage, pastureland does not provide adequate quantities of food, so they are fed grains, by-products, and other nutrients until they reach market weight.
At that time, the farmer either drives the animals to the processing plant or hires a carrier to transport them. Many operations raise their own grain to turn into feed for their animals. Swine farms are subject to regulation by the USDA, FDA, and EPA.
To protect yourself, your business, and the customers you serve from those risks and unknowns, investing in the right type of swine hog and pig farm insurance Michigan coverage is an absolute must.
What kind of insurance do MI swine, pig, and hog farmers need? Below, you'll find a breakdown of the coverages that you'll need to carry.
Swine hog and pig farm insurance Michigan protects livestock business from lawsuits with rates as low as $67/mo. Get a fast quote and your certificate of insurance now.
Why Do Swine Hog And Pig Farms Need Insurance?
Owning and operating any type of business comes with a certain amount of risks. As a swine, pig, and hog farmer, some of the risks that you face are similar to the risks that business owners in other industries face; however, some of those risks are unique to your specific industry. Examples of risks include:
- Third-party lawsuits
- Your employees suffering on-the-job injuries
- Your equipment being damaged or stolen
- Your farm being damaged in a storm or by a fire
- Your livestock being exposed to an illness
Those are just a handful of the hazards you face as a swine, pig, and hog farmer. As the owner and operator of your farm, you are liable for anything that does go wrong, which means you could be looking at unexpected and exorbitant expenses, which is why having the right type of swine hog and pig farm insurance Michigan coverage is so important.
If something unexpected does happen and you're properly insured, instead of paying the related costs out of your own pocket, your insurance carrier would cover those expenses for you. In other words, insurance can help to save you from serious financial losses.
It also ensures that your operation is complaint with MI law, as swine farmers are legally required to carry certain types of insurance coverage.
What Type Of Insurance Do Swine Hog And Pig Farms Need?
There are numerous types of insurance coverage that a swine farmer may need to carry. The specific types of swine hog and pig farm insurance Michigan coverage that you'll need to invest in depend several factors that are unique to your operation; where you are located, the size of your farm, what type of clients you serve, how your livestock is used, and more.
Because coverage requirements vary, it's always a good idea to speak with a reputable agent who specializes in insuring MI farms so you can be certain that you are fully covered from the unique risks that are associated with your business.
With that said, however, there are certain kinds of coverage that all swine, hog and pig farmers will need. Examples include:
- General Liability: This coverage provides protection against third-party liability claims that are related to property damage and personal injuries. For example, if a third-party were touring your farm and they suffered an injury and filed a lawsuit against you, this type of coverage would help to pay for your legal defense fees, as well as any damages that you may be required to pay.
- Commercial Property: To protect the physical structures on your farm and the contents within them, you'll need commercial property insurance. If one of your buildings goes up in flames, this coverage would pay for any losses, including repairs to your property and anything that would need to be replaced.
- Livestock Insurance: This coverage protects your swine, hogs, and pigs from the unexpected. For example, if they were to unexpectedly contract an illness or perish, this insurance would help to pay for any medical care that they might require or perhaps even cover the cost of purchasing a new animal.
- Workers Compensation: Employers in all industries, including farmers, are responsible for providing their employees with a safe work environment, and if they are harmed on the job, the employer is responsible. Workers' compensation coverage provides your employees with the medical care they need if they are injured while working. It can also compensate lost wages if they are unable to work as a result of their injuries.
These policies are just a few examples of the type of swine hog and pig farm insurance Michigan you'll need to have operating a MI livestock business.
MI Swine Farmers' Risks & Exposures
Premises liability exposures are limited. FDA inspectors and veterinarians regularly visit the premises. Swine farms are not popular destinations for school groups or agritourism because of the odor.
However, if tours are permitted, visitors should be accompanied by an employee. Restricted areas should be secured to keep visitors from straying into operational areas. Manure lagoons should be fenced with warning signs.
The swine farm may present an attractive nuisance to trespassers. There must be adequate security to prevent unauthorized entry.
Products liability exposures are moderate due to the potential for contamination of meat products and passage of disease to consumers. Effective procedures are required to ensure that vaccinations are up to date on each animal, and that animals with communicable diseases are not sent to a processor.
Controls must be in place to prevent contamination from exposure to chemicals such as insecticides and pesticides. There should be an effective working recall program that can be activated immediately.
Environmental impairment liability exposures are high due to the potential for air, land, or water pollution from the use of agricultural chemicals, storage and disposal of animal waste, and motor vehicle fuel storage tanks. Swine are generally raised in large numbers in confined quarters.
Automated removal systems pump copious quantities of waste into on-site manure lagoons that produce toxins including ammonia, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and methane that are hazardous to humans and animals.
Drugs, needles, and syringes used to administer medications or to artificially inseminate animals are considered biohazardous waste and must be disposed of properly. Shipments of waste may result in off-premises pollution in the event of an accident or spill. If there are underground storage tanks, a UST policy will be required.
Workers compensation exposures are high due to the use of equipment and interaction with unpredictable livestock that can bite, kick, suffocate, or trample an employee. Training, supervision, and communication are important in maintaining a safe work environment.
Slips, trips, falls, back injuries from lifting, foreign objects in the eye, and muscle strains are common. Exposure to farm chemicals, noxious odors from animal waste, and organic dust can lead to respiratory issues. Workers can suffocate in grain bins and manure lagoons so respiratory equipment and safety lines should be used.
Injuries can result from loading and unloading animals from vehicles. Employees can pick up communicable diseases from working with animals.
Property exposures are high as many swine farmers raise their pigs entirely indoors with numerous ignition sources, such as heaters, electrical fixtures, air conditioning, and automated waste removal equipment combined with combustible materials such as hay, straw, animal feed and bedding, oils, and motor vehicle fuels.
All machinery and equipment must be inspected and maintained regularly to avoid wear and tear or overheating losses. Wiring must be up to date and of sufficient capacity. All machinery should be grounded to prevent static buildup and discharge. Electrical fixtures should be dust and moisture proof.
There should be ventilation systems to prevent accumulations of gases from decomposing animal wastes that can result in explosion. Lightning may strike buildings unprotected by rods and GFIs, and severe winds and tornados may destroy property in certain geographical areas.
Swine farms are located in rural areas where fire response time may be slow and a water supply to douse a fire may be undependable. Auxiliary fire-fighting procedures should be in place, including evacuation of the animals. Fire extinguishers should be well distributed. Automatic fire detection and suppression systems should be considered, especially in larger operations.
Smoking should be prohibited. Swine farms may be a target for vandalism or demonstrations. Adequate security should be provided. Business income and extra expense may be high after a loss due to the unavailability of backup facilities.
Equipment breakdown exposure can be high due to the lighting and heating equipment used for maintaining an optimal environment for hatching eggs. All machinery and equipment must be regularly inspected and maintained.
Crime exposures are from employee dishonesty and theft. Employee dishonesty includes theft of the animals, and the temptation rises with the price of pigs. Pre-employment checks should be conducted for employees. Inventory controls should be in place.
Money-handling responsibilities should be separated, with no employee handling both receivables and disbursements. A money and securities exposure exists if there are retail operations on premises or if products are delivered to customers. Some prescription medications for animals may be targeted by thieves.
Inland marine exposures include accounts receivable if the farm bills customers, computers, goods in transit, livestock, mobile equipment, and valuable papers and records for pedigree information, records needed to substantiate FDA requirements, product information that may be needed in case of a recall, and veterinary information.
Goods in transit coverage will be needed if the farm transports swine. Animal carriers are bulky and may overturn. Mobile equipment is common for cleaning barns and moving the animals. A wide range of farm machinery may be needed if the operation grows its own feed grain.
Commercial auto exposures may be limited to hired and non-owned if carriers or processors transport the swine to processing centers. If the farm transports its own animals, the exposure increases.
Drivers must be trained in handling the sway of swine trailers. Drivers must have appropriate licenses and acceptable MVRs. All vehicles must be well maintained with records kept.
Swine Hog And Pig Farm Insurance - The Bottom Line
These are just a few of the different types of swine hog and pig farm insurance Michigan coverages that swine farmers will need.
To find out about comprehensive policies that bundle several types of coverages under a single policy or to learn more about the type of coverage you'll need, speak with a reputable insurance agent.
Michigan Economic Data And Business Insurance Requirements
Business owners who are interested in establishing operations Michigan must have a thorough understanding of the state's economy. They should also familiarize themselves with any regulations and limits that state may have in place for commercial insurance.
Any entrepreneur who is thinking about starting a business in the Great Lake State first needs to determine if it's a feasible location for business operations. As such, it's important to have a keen understanding of pertinent details regarding the economy of Michigan, in addition to the types of insurance coverage that are mandatory for corporations that operate within the state.
Economic Trends for Businesses In Michigan
After a long period of stagnant job growth in the early part of the 21st century, MI has been experiencing a steady increase in employment gains. Between 2009 and 2018, the state has enjoyed a period of uninterrupted job growth; the longest stretch of job growth since World War II. According to economists at the University of Michigan. While there has been a slight decline in the rate of job growth, job creation continues and forecasters say will continue for the next two years, into 2021.
In 2018, an estimated 55,200 jobs were created; in 2019, it's expected that 35,800 jobs will be created, and in 2020, economists believe that there will be a total of 39,300 jobs created in Michigan. While that rate of growth is 1.9 percent slower than the job growth rate between 2011 and 2016, it is still a steady increase overall. In total, approximate 683,200 jobs will be created in MI between 2099 and 2020; almost four out of the five jobs that were lost during the early part of the 21st century will be recovered.
While the unemployment rate has steadily improved, it is still above the national average. In March of 2019, the national unemployment rate was 3.8 percent, while in the state of Michigan, it was 4.0 percent. Mid-Michigan has experienced the largest growth rate in the state, and according to forecasters, it looks like that trend will continue, moving forward. Industries that are expected to see the most growth include:
- Energy, due largely to research and development in clean energy
- Food and agriculture
- Transportation and mobility
- Healthcare industry
- Information and technology
In the state of MI, business owners are not legally required to carry liability insurance; but most entrepreneurs opt to invest in a General Liability or Business Owner's Policy (BOP). A commercial auto insurance policy is also required for any businesses that use motor vehicles to conduct any aspect of their business operations. Workers' compensation insurance is also required for any businesses with non-owner employees. While the following forms of coverage are not required, depending on the type of business you operate, they are recommended:
- Data breach insurance
- Business income insurance
- Commercial Umbrella insurance
Additional Resources For Agribusiness Insurance
Learn about small business agribusiness insurance - a type of commercial insurance protects farmers against loss of, or damage to crops or livestock.
- Insurance Farming Terms Glossary
- Aquaculture Fish Farm
- Commercial Fishermen
- Dairy Farm
- Equine & Horse Farm
- Farm And Ranch
- Farm Equipment Dealers
- Farm Labor Contractors
- Livestock & Cattle
- Mushroom Farms
- Nursery And Greenhouse
- Nut Farm
- Orchards & Groves
- Poultry Farm
- Sheep & Goat Farm
- Swine, Hog & Pig Farm
- Tobacco Farm
- What Are Farm And Ranch Insurance Endorsements?
Farming is, and has always been a tough business. There are many uncontrollable factors for farmers to deal with - like the weather, vermin, or other natural catastrophes. Any of these can destroy cash crops, such as corn, cotton, soybeans, and wheat, and put the farmer in a very bad financial situation.
Insurance for agribusiness falls into three general categories:
The first is property insurance on the buildings and the usually substantial amount of business personal property made up of machinery, livestock, equipment and other stock.
The second is liability for both premises and products.
The last is protection for worker injuries. Commercial auto insurance should be written if the operation owns vehicles and especially if it transports its own products.
There are a wide variety of agribusiness insurance options that are available to farmers. These policies allow them to to receive compensation in the event of a poor growing season, dropping prices, cattle disease or catastrophic natural event.
Loss of crops or livestock can financially ruin an agribusiness operation. The crop insurance agrees to indemnify the farmer, rancher or grower against losses which occur during the crop year. Losses have to be caused by things which are unavoidable or beyond the farmer's control - like a drought, freeze and/or disease.
Some policies offer coverage due to adverse weather events such as the inability to plant due to excess moisture or losses due to the quality of the crop.
Minimum recommended small business insurance coverage: Buildings, Business Personal Property, Crop Insurance, Employee Dishonesty, Accounts Receivable, Computers, Goods in Transit, Mobile Equipment, Valuable Papers and Records, General Liability, Environmental Impairment, Umbrella, Business Automobile Liability and Physical Damage, Hired and Non-owned Auto & Workers Compensation.
Other commercial insurance policies to consider: Business Income and Extra Expense, Earthquake, Equipment Breakdown, Farm Owners, Flood, Computer Fraud, Employee Dishonesty, Forgery, Money and Securities, Cyber Liability, Employee Benefits, Employment-related Practices Liability, Product Recall, Underground Storage Tank, Stop Gap Liability and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) (Drones).
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