Dairy Farm Insurance Policy Information
Dairy Farm Insurance. Whether you operate mid-sized dairy farm that produces milk and other dairy-related products for your local town, or you own a massive amount of cattle that produces milk-based products that are shipped throughout the country, you're going to need to make sure that you have the right type of protection. Being a dairy farmer is extremely rewarding; however, several liabilities are associated with this line of work.
Of course, making sure that you and your staff stay abreast of the latest safety standards and protocols and making sure that you upkeep your equipment are vital ways to ensure safety. But what happens if the unexpected occurs? A piece of equipment malfunctions, a third-party is injured, or someone alleges that your herd is being treated cruelly? With the right type of insurance coverage, you can protect yourself, your staff, your herd, third-parties, and your entire business from serious repercussions.
dairy farmers produce milk and milk products such as butter, buttermilk, cheese, and yogurt, from cows or goats. Milking is done two to three times each day, with some modern dairies performing milking on a 24-hour basis. After sanitizing the animal, a device is attached to the udder to pump milk into a holding tank. There, the milk is refrigerated until processed by the dairy or transported to an aggregator for combining with other milk before being processed.
Since milk naturally contains bacteria that will cause it to spoil quickly even if refrigerated, it is put through a heating process called pasteurization to destroy the bacteria. If the dairy sells the milk directly to retailers, homogenization also occurs to keep the cream from rising to the top. Additional processes are used to manufacture other milk products.
Many operations raise their own grain to turn into feed for their livestock. To keep milk production high, dairy animals must be bred regularly, which also maintains a steady supply of replacements for milking. Dairies are subject to regulation by the USDA, FDA, and EPA.
Why is insurance so important for dairy farmers? What type of dairy farm insurance coverage should you invest in? Below, we'll answer these questions any more so that you can make the best decisions for your specific needs.
Dairy farm insurance protects your cows producing raw milk for bulk sale, hay, pollution liability and more - with rates as low as $77/mo. Get a fast quote and protect your income now.
How Much Does Dairy Farm Insurance Cost?
The average price of a standard $1,000,000/$2,000,000 General Liability Insurance policy for small dairy farm businesses ranges from $77 to $99 per month based on location, number of cows and more.
Why Do Dairy Farmers Need Insurance?
Imagine, if you will, any of the following scenarios:
- A fire breaks out on your farm and your herd and barns are damaged.
- A massive storm rolls through and several trees topple over, seriously damaging your farm.
- A member of your herd breaks through the fencing on your farm and ends up roaming the roadway and causes an accident.
- A vendor is dropping off supplies on your farm and slips on a puddle.
- Someone files a lawsuit against you, alleging that the products you produce caused a serious case of food poisoning.
- Someone vandalizes your property and steals a few pieces of expensive equipment.
All of these situations can result in serious financial losses that may be responsible for. If you don't have the right type of dairy farm insurance coverage, you could end up having to cover the costs that are associated with any of these travesties out of your own pocket. Unless you have hundreds of thousands of dollars socked away - and even if you do have a substantial amount of money saved - trying to cover these types of expenses on your own could put you in financial ruin. There's a serious chance that you could go bankrupt; and even worse, it's possible that you could lose your entire business.
In order to off-set the financial devastation that can arise in any of the aforementioned situations - or any other incident that could impact your business - having the right type of insurance coverage is an absolute must. Instead of having to pay for lost, stolen, or damaged equipment and property, or having to cover the cost of lawsuits and medical bills (and the myriad of other costs that you could be responsible for), your insurance coverage would assist you with the financial burden. In other words, insurance can help to protect you from serious financial trouble. Ultimately, it could save your business.
What Type Of Insurance Coverage Should Diary Farmers Carry?
There are several types of insurance policies dairy farmers should consider carrying. In some cases, these coverages are required by law; however, it's also a wise idea to invest in policies that aren't compulsory. What type of insurance should you purchase? Here's a look at some policies that are absolutely essential for dairy farmers:
- Commercial liability coverage
- Commercial property insurance
- Commercial vehicle liability coverage
- Livestock insurance coverage
- Pollution liability coverage
- Product liability insurance
- Workers' compensation insurance
These are just some of the types of dairy farm insurance policies that can benefit dairy farmers. The amount of insurance coverage that you need for each policy will depend on a variety of factors, such as the size of your herd and farm, the type of equipment you own, and how many people you employ, just to name a few. The cost of coverage for each type of policy will also vary depending on the unique needs of your farm.
Dairy Farmer's Risks & Exposures
Premises liability exposures is moderate. FDA inspectors and veterinarians regularly visit the premises. Dairy farms are often visited by school-age children and other tour groups who can trip and fall on uneven walking surfaces or housekeeping hazards. Visitors should be accompanied by an employee. Restricted areas should be secured to keep visitors from straying into operational areas. Fences should be well maintained to prevent animals from straying, especially onto roads.
Retail operations should have excellent housekeeping to prevent slips and falls. All exits should be adequately marked. The dairy may present an attractive nuisance to trespassers. There must be adequate security to prevent unauthorized entry.
Products liability exposures are moderate due to the potential for contamination, spoilage, and foreign objects in the milk. Raw milk should be tested before delivery to milk processors. Effective procedures are required to ensure sanitary working and processing conditions. The workplace must meet all FDA specifications and be arranged so that foreign substances do not enter processing areas. A testing laboratory should be on-site to perform quality control.
Tanker cleaning must be done on a continuous basis and fully documented. Controls must be in place to prevent contamination from exposure to chemicals such as insecticides and pesticides. Stock dating and rotation are crucial factors. An effective working recall program that can be activated immediately must be established.
Environmental impairment liability exposures are moderate due to the potential for air, land, or water pollution from the application of chemicals and pesticides, disposal of animal waste and the existence of motor vehicle fuel storage tanks. Larger operations or those raising animals in confined settings may have on-site manure lagoons that produce toxins including ammonia, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, and methane that are hazardous to humans and animals.
Drugs, needles, and syringes used to administer medications or to artificially inseminate animals are considered biohazardous waste and must be disposed of properly. Shipments of manure may result in off-premises pollution in the event of an accident or spill. If there are underground storage tanks, a UST policy will be required.
Workers compensation exposures are high due to the use of equipment and interaction with unpredictable dairy animals that can bite, kick, suffocate, or trample an employee. Training, supervision, and communication is important in maintaining a safe work environment. Slips, trips, falls, burns from heating equipment, back injuries from lifting, foreign objects in the eye, hearing impairment from noise, and muscle strains are common.
Exposure to farm chemicals, noxious odors from animal waste, and organic dust can lead to respiratory issues. Workers can suffocate in confined spaces such as grain bins, tanks, silos, and pits. Adequate safety equipment should be required for employees in grain bins and animal handling areas. Anhydrous ammonia refrigerants are poisonous when leaked into confined spaces such as coolers. Controls must be in place to maintain, check, and prevent such injury. Injuries can result from loading and unloading animals from vehicles. Employees can pick up diseases from working with animals.
Property exposures are high because of numerous ignition sources, such as heaters, cooling equipment, electrical fixtures and milking equipment combined with combustible materials such as hay, straw, animal feed and bedding, oils, and motor vehicle fuels. All machinery and equipment must be inspected and maintained regularly to avoid wear and tear or overheating losses. Wiring must be up to date and of sufficient capacity. All machinery should be grounded to prevent static buildup and discharge.
Electrical fixtures should be dust and moisture proof. Due to its combustibility, an ammonia detection system should be in place if ammonia is used as a refrigerant. Dairy products must meet extremely high sterility requirements, with most processes taking place in closed containers to prevent contamination. This sterile environment helps control most fire exposures. However, if a small fire does begin, a total loss could occur as state, local, or federal regulations may require the disposal of major portions of stock and raw materials that have been exposed to fire, smoke, heat, or water.
Spoilage losses can be severe if the refrigeration and cooling equipment malfunctions or loses power. Controls, such as alarms, must be in place to warn if power is out or if temperature rises in coolers and freezers. Emergency backup systems, such as emergency generators, should provide power if an outage or shutdown occurs. Lightning may strike buildings unprotected by rods and Ground Fault Interrupter (GFIs), and severe winds and tornados may destroy property in certain geographical areas. Dairy farms are in rural areas where fire response time may be slow and a water supply to douse a fire may be undependable.
Auxiliary fire-fighting procedures should be in place, including evacuation of the animals. Fire extinguishers should be well distributed. Automatic fire detection and suppression systems should be considered, especially in larger operations. Smoking should be prohibited. Business income and extra expense may be high after a loss due to the unavailability of backup facilities.
Equipment breakdown exposure is high due to the automated milking and processing equipment which can malfunction or break down.
Crime exposures are from employee dishonesty and theft but are relatively minor if there are no retail or delivery operations. Pre-employment checks should be conducted for employees. Inventory controls should be in place. Money-handling responsibilities should be separated, with no employee handling both receivables and disbursements. A money and securities exposure exists if there are retail operations on premises or if products are delivered to customers. While milking equipment is not attractive to thieves, some prescription medications for animals may be targeted.
Inland marine exposures include accounts receivable if the dairy bills customers, computers (which may include controls for automated milking equipment), livestock, mobile equipment, and valuable papers and records. Mobile equipment is common for cleaning barns and moving the animals. A wide range of farm machinery may be needed if the operation grows its own feed grain. Valuable papers and records include pedigree information, records needed to substantiate FDA Grade A requirements, product information that may be needed in case of a recall, and veterinary records.
High-value animals may be candidates for animal mortality insurance. Goods in transit coverage will be needed if bulk milk or finished products are transported. Bulk milk must be transported in tankers used only for milk. Each must be sanitized after each use. Bulk milk tankers are bulky, and overturns usually result in a total loss. Refrigerated trucks used to transport dairy products can malfunction, resulting in spoilage.
Business automobile exposures may be limited to hired and non-owned if milk processors transport the milk. If the dairy delivers its own product or transports animals, the exposure increases. Drivers must have appropriate licenses and acceptable MVRs. Liquids may sway while being transported which will affect handling of the vehicle. Drivers must be trained in handling the sway of cattle trailers. All vehicles must be well maintained with records kept.
Commercial Insurance And Business Industry Classification
- SIC CODE: 0241 Dairy Farms
- NAICS CODE: 112120 Dairy Cattle and Milk Production, 2112420 Goat Farming, 112990 All Other Animal Production
- Suggested ISO General Liability Code(s): 02518, 02519, 02618, 02619, 02718, 02719, 02818, 02819
- Suggested Workers Compensation Code(s): 0036
Dairy Farm Insurance Coverage
To find out what type of insurance coverage you should invest in, how much coverage you should carry, and how much your coverage will cost, speak to a reputable insurance broker. You might also be able to find umbrella policies that will lump several types of coverage together.
For the safety of yourself, your employees, and your livelihood, having the right Dairy Farmer insurance coverage is absolutely essential.
Types Of Small Business Insurance - Requirements & Regulations
Perhaps you have the next great idea for a product or service that you know will appeal to your local area. If you've got a business, you've got risks. Unexpected events and lawsuits can wipe out a business quickly, wasting all the time and money you've invested.
Operating a business is challenging enough without having to worry about suffering a significant financial loss due to unforeseen and unplanned circumstances. Small business insurance can protect your company from some of the more common losses experienced by business owners, such as property damage, business interruption, theft, liability, and employee injury.
Purchasing the appropriate commercial insurance coverage can make the difference between going out of business after a loss or recovering with minimal business interruption and financial impairment to your company's operations.
Insurance is so important to proper business function that both federal governments and state governments require companies to carry certain types. Thus, being properly insured also helps you protect your company by protecting it from government fines and penalties.
Small Business Insurance Information
In the business world, there are many risks faced by company's every day. The best way that business owners can protect themselves from these perils is by carrying the right insurance coverage.
The The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) is the U.S. standard-setting and regulatory support organization. Through the NAIC, state insurance regulators establish standards and best practices, conduct peer review, and coordinate their regulatory oversight.
Commercial insurance is particularly important for small business owners, as they stand to lose a lot more. Should a situation arise - a lawsuit, property damage, theft, etc. - small business owners could end up facing serious financial turmoil.
According to the SBA, having the right insurance plan in place can help you avoid major pitfalls. Your business insurance should offer coverage for all of your assets. It should also include liability and casual coverage.
Types Of Small Business Insurance
Choosing the right type of coverage is absolutely vital. You've got plenty of options. Some you'll need. Some you won't. You should know what's available. Once you look over your options you'll need to conduct a thorough risk assessment. As you evaluate each type of insurance, ask yourself:
- What type of business am I running?
- What are common risks associated with this industry?
- Does this type of insurance cover a situation that could feasibly arise during the normal course of doing business?
- Does my state require me to carry this type of insurance?
- Does my lender or do any of my investors require me to carry this type of policy?
A licensed insurance agent or broker in your state can help you determine what kinds of coverages are prudent for your business types. If you find one licensed to sell multiple policies from multiple companies (independent agents) that person can often help you get the best insurance rates, too. Following is some information on some of the most common small business insurance policies:
|Business Insurance Policy Type||What Is Covered?|
|General Liability Insurance||What is covered under commercial general liability insurance? It steps in to pay claims when you lose a lawsuit with an injured customer, employee, or vendor. The injury could be physical, or it could be a financial loss based on advertising practices.|
|Workers Compensation Insurance||What is covered under workers compensation insurance? This type of insurance protects a business and its owner(s) from claims by employees who suffer a work-related injury, illness or disease. Workers comp typically provides the injured employee with benefits to cover medical expenses, a portion of his/her lost wages, rehabilitation costs if applicable, and permanent partial or permanent total disability.|
|Product Liability Insurance||What is covered under product liability insurance? I pays an injured party's settlement or lawsuit claim arising from a defective product. These are usually caused by design defects, manufacturing defects, or a failure to provide adequate warning or instructions as to how to safely use the product.|
|Commercial Property Insurance||What is covered under business property insurance? General liability policies don't cover damages to your business property. That's what commercial property insurance is for. It protects all of the physical parts of your business: your building, your inventory, and your equipment, giving you the funds you need to replace them in the event of a disaster. If you work from home, you might consider a Home Based Business Insurance policy instead.|
|Business Owners Policy (BOP)||What is covered under a business owners policy (BOP)? This is a policy designed for small, low-risk businesses. It simplifies the basic insurance purchase process by combining general liability policies with business income and commercial property insurance.|
|Commercial Auto Insurance||What is covered under business auto insurance? This type of insurance covers automobiles being used for business purposes. This could include a fleet of business-only vehicles or a single company car. In some cases it might cover your car or your employee's car while they're being used for business. These policies have much higher limits, ensuring you can cover your costs if one of these vehicles gets into an accident.|
|Commercial Umbrella Policies||What is covered under commercial umbrella insurance? This type of policy is a sort of "gap" insurance. It covers your liability in the event that a court verdict or settlement exceeds your general liability policy limits.|
|Liquor Liability Insurance||What is covered under liquor liability insurance? It covers bodily injury or property damage caused by an intoxicated person who was served liquor by the policy holder.|
|Professional Liability (Errors & Omissions)||What is covered under professional liability insurance? This type of business insurance is also known as malpractice oe E&O. It covers the damages that can arise from major mistakes, especially in high-stakes professions where mistakes can be devastating.|
|Surety Bond||What is covered under surety bonds? Bonding is a contract where one party, the SURETY (who assures the obligee that the principal can perform the task), guarantees the performance of certain obligations of a second party, the PRINCIPAL (the contractor or business who will perform the contractual obligation), to a third party, the OBLIGEE (the project owner who is the recipient of an obligation).|
Who Needs General Liability Insurance? - Virtually every business. A single lawsuit or settlement could bankrupt your business five times over. You might also need this policy to win business. Many companies and government agencies won't do business with your company until you can produce proof that you've obtained one of these policies.
Business Insurance Required by Law
If you have any employees most states will require you to carry worker's compensation and unemployment insurance. Some states require you to insure yourself even if you are the only employee working in the business.
Your insurance agent can help you check applicable state laws so you can bring your business into compliance.
Other Types Of Small Business Insurance
There are dozens of other, more specialized forms of small business insurance capable of covering specific problems and risks. These forms of insurance include:
- Business Interruption Insurance
- Commercial Flood Insurance
- Contractor's Insurance
- Cyber Liability
- Data Breach
- Directors and Officers
- Employment Practices Liability
- Environmental or Pollution Liability
- Management Liability
- Sexual Misconduct Liability
Whether you need any or all of these policies will depend on the results of your risk assessment. For example, you probably don't need an environmental or pollution policy if you're running an IT company out of a leased office, but you would need data breach and cyber liability policies to fully protect your business.
Additional Resources For Agribusiness Insurance
Learn about small business agribusiness insurance - a type of commercial insurance protects farmers against loss of, or damage to crops or livestock.
Farming is, and has always been a tough business. There are many uncontrollable factors for farmers to deal with - like the weather, vermin, or other natural catastrophes. Any of these can destroy cash crops, such as corn, cotton, soybeans, and wheat, and put the farmer in a very bad financial situation.
Insurance for agribusiness falls into three general categories:
The first is property insurance on the buildings and the usually substantial amount of business personal property made up of machinery, livestock, equipment and other stock.
The second is liability for both premises and products.
The last is protection for worker injuries. Commercial auto insurance should be written if the operation owns vehicles and especially if it transports its own products.
There are a wide variety of agribusiness insurance options that are available to farmers. These policies allow them to to receive compensation in the event of a poor growing season, dropping prices, cattle disease or catastrophic natural event.
Loss of crops or livestock can financially ruin an agribusiness operation. The crop insurance agrees to indemnify the farmer, rancher or grower against losses which occur during the crop year. Losses have to be caused by things which are unavoidable or beyond the farmer's control - like a drought, freeze and/or disease.
Some policies offer coverage due to adverse weather events such as the inability to plant due to excess moisture or losses due to the quality of the crop.
Minimum recommended small business insurance coverage: Buildings, Business Personal Property, Crop Insurance, Employee Dishonesty, Accounts Receivable, Computers, Goods in Transit, Mobile Equipment, Valuable Papers and Records, General Liability, Environmental Impairment, Umbrella, Business Automobile Liability and Physical Damage, Hired and Non-owned Auto & Workers Compensation.
Other commercial insurance policies to consider: Business Income and Extra Expense, Earthquake, Equipment Breakdown, Farm Owners, Flood, Computer Fraud, Employee Dishonesty, Forgery, Money and Securities, Cyber Liability, Employee Benefits, Employment-related Practices Liability, Product Recall, Underground Storage Tank, Stop Gap Liability and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) (Drones).