Specialty Excess Insurance

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The Specialty Excess Insurance Guide

Excess Insurance

Excess Insurance. This guide provides information on excess, surplus and specialty lines small business insurance policies and risks.

Here you can find basic descriptions of the specific industry risks or specialty coverage types available for Excess Insurance.

For certain types of small businesses, particularly new ones - it is often very hard to know what types of commercial insurance is needed, what the risks are that should be covered - and where to find coverage.

We wanted to provide reference for specialty commercial insurance to help our readers get a better understanding of Excess Insurance policies they might need to do business.

Learn about Specialty Excess Insurance to better understand common risks, exposures and the types of commercial insurance coverage available to protect your small business and it's operations.

Excess Insurance Types

Click on the links below to learn more about Specialty Excess Insurance types and coverages:



What Is Automobile Excess Liability Insurance?

Automobile excess liability insurance is available to drivers who cannot obtain more than the minimum liability insurance limits needed to satisfy the financial responsibility requirements in their state because of age, occupation, vehicle use, or driving record. It is also available to drivers in assigned risk plans.


What Is Automobile Insurance Plans Excess Liability Insurance?

This is excess bodily injury and property damage liability limits over the basic automobile liability insurance coverage limits provided by state-specific Automobile Insurance Plans (AIPs). Optional medical expense coverage and uninsured motorists coverage is also available. The premium charged is based on the primary policy premium.


What Is Buffer Layer Liability Insurance?

Umbrella carriers establish mandatory underlying limits for primary coverages before they will attach. Buffer layer insurance is used when the primary carriers will not increase their underlying limits and the umbrella carrier will not reduce its mandatory underlying limits requirement. The buffer fills the gap.


What Is Bumbershoot Liability Insurance?

This is a special form of umbrella liability designed for marine accounts that operate vessels or use docks. It covers protection and indemnity, general average, collision, salvage charges, sue and labor, and all other legal and contractual liability. It also covers employers liability; liability under admiralty laws and the Longshore and Harbor Workers Compensation Act; automobile liability; and general liability.


What Is Excess FDIC Insurance?

The Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) insures bank deposits up to certain maximum limits per account. A limited number of carriers insure deposits for amounts that exceed this maximum in the event that a financial institution's bankruptcy causes the depositor financial loss that exceeds the FDIC guarantee.


What Is Excess Flood Insurance?

This coverage is written as excess coverage over the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) on a following form basis. It triggers when the NFIP limits are exhausted. It is available countrywide for both residential and commercial properties that meet certain underwriting eligibility. This coverage is arranged through:


What Is Excess Commercial Liability Insurance?

Excess liability insurance may be written over any form of primary liability insurance such as commercial general liability, commercial automobile liability, employers liability, and professional liability. The additional liability limits are requested as a way for a business to protect their assets. This insurance may be written as excess over primary liability coverages or as excess over a self-insured retention or deductible. Excess liability differs from commercial umbrella coverage by not providing any more coverage than is available in the underlying coverages.


What Is Excess Liability Insurance - Over Self-insured Retention?

Most self-insurers do not retain the entire amount of loss. In most cases, excess coverage is tied in with the self-insurance program. With liability insurance, both aggregate excess and specific excess coverage is available. Aggregate excess indemnifies the insured for the amount that the total loss for the period exceeds a set percentage of the normal premium for the period. Specific excess gives the insured protection above the self-insured retention for each accident or occurrence.


What Is Excess Malpractice And Professional Liability Insurance?

Excess coverage for doctors, other professionals, hospitals, and other health care-related businesses is available over primary coverage, self-insured plans, captive plans, and Joint Underwriting Associations (JUAs). A number of specialty carriers offer professional liability coverage on a straight excess basis over and above the primary limits that the underlying coverage provides. Coverage is written on a following-form over a primary policy. In addition, markets are available to write excess liability coverages for other professionals, such as accountants, architects, engineers, and attorneys.


What Is Excess Marine Liability Insurance?

Excess limits over primary marine liability limits are often needed. Marine employers' liability and commercial general liability limits on policies for marine businesses, such as boat builders and repairers, marine contractors, dredgers, and other vessel services, can be extended by using specialty markets that write excess marine liability limits. Excess liability coverages for marina operators, stevedores, charterers, wharfingers, and terminal operators can be written over self-insured retention (SIR) programs or over primary policies.


What Is Excess Maritime Employers Liability Insurance?

Employers liability for maritime risks usually falls under the jurisdiction of either the United States Longshore and Harbor Workers Compensation Act (USL&HWCA) or admiralty jurisdiction via the Jones Act. Coverage for workers involved in offshore oil drilling, marine diving or dredging, employed on fishing vessels, or serving as crew members on tugs, barges, ferries, scows, work boats, and pleasure yachts can be difficult to place because the work they perform is dangerous. Certain specialists well acquainted with maritime exposures provide excess maritime employers liability.


What Is Excess Medical Stop Loss Coverage - Self-Insured Risks?

Stop loss insurance for self-funded employee benefit plans varies with the size of the insured group and the individual client's plan requirements. The package of benefits can include aggregate and specific stop loss insurance, medical conversion for terminating employees, group life, accidental death and dismemberment (AD&D), and a fully insured short-term disability plan.


What Is Excess Property Insurance?

Excess or layered property insurance may be written on any large commercial property account. This layering approach works well when the same entity owns multiple locations. Layering often starts with a primary coverage equal to the probable maximum loss (PML) followed by additional layers at a fraction of the primary layer's cost. The farther away the layer is from the working layer, the lower the rate. Limits and coverage availability can vary significantly based on geographic location.


What Is Self-Insurance Retention (SIR) Programs?

Self-insured retention (SIR) programs allow insureds to retain more control of their assets. While certain programs may have low retention levels, most exceed $100,000. The SIR amount often increases as the program matures due to effective asset planning. The insured is responsible for all claims within the SIR. Most insureds choose a third-party administrator (TPA) to handle those claims. A number of large insurers and brokerage firms provide TPA services for their accounts on either a fee basis or as part of a total risk management services program. Advantages of SIRs include reductions in insurance costs, use of the cash flow until a loss actually occurs, at which time the insured sets up a reserve fund to pay losses instead of the insurer paying, and better control of loss prevention. SIR programs are customized for each insured. Coverages that SIR programs often include are workers compensation, auto liability, and commercial general liability.


What Is Terrorism Insurance?

The market for terrorism coverage changed dramatically on September 11, 2001. Coverage availability and pricing varies significantly, based on geographic location and type of industry.


What Is Umbrella Liability Insurance?

These liability coverage forms provide excess general liability, automobile liability, and employer's liability limits. They also provide the insured with an element of protection against exclusions and gaps in the primary coverage forms or policies. Umbrella liability coverage is triggered when the limits of the primary insurance are exhausted or when a claim arises that primary insurance excludes but that the umbrella covers. Coverage is excess over only the scheduled underlying liability coverages.


What Is Umbrella Liability Insurance - Over Claims-Made Primary?

An umbrella that covers a claims-made primary policy must be worded so that it is also excess over scheduled underlying coverage forms or policies that are occurrence based. The claims-made portion of the umbrella policy must track with the claims-made extended reporting period features of the underlying policy or policies, and the occurrence portion of the umbrella must track with the underlying occurrence basic coverage forms or policies.


What Is Workers Compensation Excess Insurance?

This coverage is an important part of any self-insured workers compensation program. The insured first must qualify as a self-insurer and then post the required bond with the state industrial commission. Because loss experience can be unpredictable, the insured purchases excess insurance that triggers above a specified retention level. The excess insurance carrier pays losses above the insured's retention up to an agreed amount. The excess carrier may also offer additional services to the insured, such as claims handling, loss control, and various record keeping services.


What Are Workers Compensation Self-Insurers Bonds?

Special bonds are required of organizations that choose to self-insure their workers compensation exposures. They must apply to the state's Workers Compensation Board, register to be a self-insurer, and post a bond that guarantees that claims will be paid.


Excess Insurance - The Bottom Line

We hope that the Excess Insurance helps you to better understand the some of the specialty small business commercial insurance policies available for your business. To find out what types of coverage your unique business needs, speak to a professional commercial broker with experience in insuring businesses like yours.

Specialty Small Business Insurance Guide By Industry, Risk Or Policy Type



Types Of Small Business Insurance - Requirements & Regulations

Perhaps you have the next great idea for a product or service that you know will appeal to your local area. If you've got a business, you've got risks. Unexpected events and lawsuits can wipe out a business quickly, wasting all the time and money you've invested.

Operating a business is challenging enough without having to worry about suffering a significant financial loss due to unforeseen and unplanned circumstances. Small business insurance can protect your company from some of the more common losses experienced by business owners, such as property damage, business interruption, theft, liability, and employee injury.

Purchasing the appropriate commercial insurance coverage can make the difference between going out of business after a loss or recovering with minimal business interruption and financial impairment to your company's operations.

Small Business Information

Insurance is so important to proper business function that both federal governments and state governments require companies to carry certain types. Thus, being properly insured also helps you protect your company by protecting it from government fines and penalties.

Small Business Insurance Information

In the business world, there are many risks faced by company's every day. The best way that business owners can protect themselves from these perils is by carrying the right insurance coverage.

The The National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) is the U.S. standard-setting and regulatory support organization. Through the NAIC, state insurance regulators establish standards and best practices, conduct peer review, and coordinate their regulatory oversight.

Commercial insurance is particularly important for small business owners, as they stand to lose a lot more. Should a situation arise - a lawsuit, property damage, theft, etc. - small business owners could end up facing serious financial turmoil.

According to the SBA, having the right insurance plan in place can help you avoid major pitfalls. Your business insurance should offer coverage for all of your assets. It should also include liability and casual coverage.

Types Of Small Business Insurance

Choosing the right type of coverage is absolutely vital. You've got plenty of options. Some you'll need. Some you won't. You should know what's available. Once you look over your options you'll need to conduct a thorough risk assessment. As you evaluate each type of insurance, ask yourself:

  • What type of business am I running?
  • What are common risks associated with this industry?
  • Does this type of insurance cover a situation that could feasibly arise during the normal course of doing business?
  • Does my state require me to carry this type of insurance?
  • Does my lender or do any of my investors require me to carry this type of policy?

A licensed insurance agent or broker in your state can help you determine what kinds of coverages are prudent for your business types. If you find one licensed to sell multiple policies from multiple companies (independent agents) that person can often help you get the best insurance rates, too. Following is some information on some of the most common small business insurance policies:

Business Insurance Policy Type What Is Covered?
General Liability InsuranceWhat is covered under commercial general liability insurance? It steps in to pay claims when you lose a lawsuit with an injured customer, employee, or vendor. The injury could be physical, or it could be a financial loss based on advertising practices.
Workers Compensation InsuranceWhat is covered under workers compensation insurance? This type of insurance protects a business and its owner(s) from claims by employees who suffer a work-related injury, illness or disease. Workers comp typically provides the injured employee with benefits to cover medical expenses, a portion of his/her lost wages, rehabilitation costs if applicable, and permanent partial or permanent total disability.
Product Liability InsuranceWhat is covered under product liability insurance? I pays an injured party's settlement or lawsuit claim arising from a defective product. These are usually caused by design defects, manufacturing defects, or a failure to provide adequate warning or instructions as to how to safely use the product.
Commercial Property InsuranceWhat is covered under business property insurance? General liability policies don't cover damages to your business property. That's what commercial property insurance is for. It protects all of the physical parts of your business: your building, your inventory, and your equipment, giving you the funds you need to replace them in the event of a disaster. If you work from home, you might consider a Home Based Business Insurance policy instead.
Business Owners Policy (BOP)What is covered under a business owners policy (BOP)? This is a policy designed for small, low-risk businesses. It simplifies the basic insurance purchase process by combining general liability policies with business income and commercial property insurance.
Commercial Auto InsuranceWhat is covered under business auto insurance? This type of insurance covers automobiles being used for business purposes. This could include a fleet of business-only vehicles or a single company car. In some cases it might cover your car or your employee's car while they're being used for business. These policies have much higher limits, ensuring you can cover your costs if one of these vehicles gets into an accident.
Commercial Umbrella PoliciesWhat is covered under commercial umbrella insurance? This type of policy is a sort of "gap" insurance. It covers your liability in the event that a court verdict or settlement exceeds your general liability policy limits.
Liquor Liability InsuranceWhat is covered under liquor liability insurance? It covers bodily injury or property damage caused by an intoxicated person who was served liquor by the policy holder.
Professional Liability (Errors & Omissions)What is covered under professional liability insurance? This type of business insurance is also known as malpractice oe E&O. It covers the damages that can arise from major mistakes, especially in high-stakes professions where mistakes can be devastating.
Surety BondWhat is covered under surety bonds? Bonding is a contract where one party, the SURETY (who assures the obligee that the principal can perform the task), guarantees the performance of certain obligations of a second party, the PRINCIPAL (the contractor or business who will perform the contractual obligation), to a third party, the OBLIGEE (the project owner who is the recipient of an obligation).


Who Needs General Liability Insurance? - Virtually every business. A single lawsuit or settlement could bankrupt your business five times over. You might also need this policy to win business. Many companies and government agencies won't do business with your company until you can produce proof that you've obtained one of these policies.

Business Insurance Required by Law
Small Business Commercial Insurance

If you have any employees most states will require you to carry worker's compensation and unemployment insurance. Some states require you to insure yourself even if you are the only employee working in the business.

Your insurance agent can help you check applicable state laws so you can bring your business into compliance.

Other Types Of Small Business Insurance

There are dozens of other, more specialized forms of small business insurance capable of covering specific problems and risks. These forms of insurance include:

  • Business Interruption Insurance
  • Commercial Flood Insurance
  • Contractor's Insurance
  • Cyber Liability
  • Data Breach
  • Directors and Officers
  • Employment Practices Liability
  • Environmental or Pollution Liability
  • Management Liability
  • Sexual Misconduct Liability

Whether you need any or all of these policies will depend on the results of your risk assessment. For example, you probably don't need an environmental or pollution policy if you're running an IT company out of a leased office, but you would need data breach and cyber liability policies to fully protect your business.

Also learn about small business insurance requirements for general liability, business property, commercial auto & workers compensation including small business commercial insurance costs. Call us (855) 767-7828.

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