North Carolina Crop Insurance Policy Information
North Carolina Crop Insurance. Crop insurance can be purchased by farmers or agricultural producers to protect them against the loss of their crops due to a natural disaster or loss in revenue due to declines in the price of their commodities.
Cash grain farms grow a variety of grain crops for sale, including barley, corn, oats, rice, rye, soybeans, and wheat. While weather conditions are outside the control of farmers, grain farming also depends on natural substances such as compost and manure to be successful, plus several chemical applications such as fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides, and pesticides.
Bailers, combines, cultivators, disks, drills, hay rakes, mowers, plows, press wheels, seeders, tillers, tractors, and other types of farming machinery are required to support grain production on these farms.
Let's take a look at North Carolina crop insurance policies that you might need to make sure that your crops and your income are protected.
North Carolina crop insurance protects your cash crops like corn, cotton, soybeans, and wheat from weather damage or falling prices - with rates as low as $77/mo. Get a fast quote and protect your income now.
Types Of Crop Insurance
There are two main types of North Carolina crop insurance available: Crop-Hail and Multiple Peril Crop Insurance (MPCI). Both of these coverages are available to farmers and agricultural producers in the United States:
Multiple Peril Crop Insurance
MPCI covers farmers for crop loss due to natural events or disasters. This insurance also covers for lower yields as a result of natural events. Some common natural events that can affect a crop include: destructive weather (hail, damaging wind), drought, disease, insect damage, fire or flooding.
MPCI is federally regulated, but is sold by private crop insurance companies. Around 90% of farmers who choose to purchase crop insurance choose to buy MPCI coverage. This coverage is available for over 120 different crops. There are geographical restrictions, though, on which crops are covered.
Multiple Peril Crop Insurance policies must be purchased before the start of the particular crops growing season. The federal government establishes deadlines for when MPCI must be purchased. Many of these policies include incentives to replant crops if they are damaged early enough in the season. They also may enforce a penalty if the crops are not replanted.
This type of North Carolina crop insurance is important to farmers living in areas of the country where hail is a frequent event. Hail can be incredibly damaging to crops, however, it is unique in that it can completely destroy one area of the crop, but leave the rest untouched.
These policies are sold by private crop insurance brokers and are regulated by the North Carolina state insurance department.
A lot of NC farmers choose to buy crop-hail insurance as a supplement to their Multiple Peril Crop Insurance. These North Carolina crop insurance policies typically include a very low to no deductible. This coverage can be purchased at any time during the growing season.
Many farmers find crop-hail insurance to be beneficial as a supplement to MPCI because some hail claims are smaller than what the deductible for their MPCI is, so they end up paying less out of pocket for small hail claims when they have this coverage.
MPCI mixes federal insurance with private crop insurance to successfully offer comprehensive and affordable coverage to America's farmers.
Crop Revenue Insurance
Another type of North Carolina crop insurance is called crop revenue insurance. This policy helps to protect farmers during the years when their crops have a low yield or when the price of their crop is low. This type of coverage helps to ensure that the farmer's revenues are protected against dramatic swings in crop prices.
NC Cash Crop Insurance Risks & Exposures
Property exposures depend on the size of the operation, type of grain stored, and the number and types of buildings. Primary ignition sources include the automated conveyance equipment, static electricity built up within grain storage areas, faulty wiring, fuel, heaters, and smoking. Explosion can arise when grain dust and vapors from certain chemicals, fertilizers, and fuels are combined with stored grain or hay.
The age, condition and construction of buildings and structures must be considered. All machinery should be grounded to prevent static buildup and discharge and inspected and maintained regularly to avoid wear and tear or overheating losses. Wiring must be up to date, of sufficient capacity, and with explosion-proof fixtures. Moisture and temperature levels must be continuously controlled. Lightning may strike buildings unprotected by rods and Ground Fault Interrupters (GFIs), grain dryers can overheat or become jammed, decaying organic material may spontaneously combust, burning operations may spread, and severe winds and tornados may destroy property in certain geographical areas.
Buildings may collapse under the weight of stored grain. Farms are in rural areas where fire response time may be slow and a water supply to douse a fire may be undependable. Smoking should be prohibited. The business income exposure can be high as some processing equipment may be difficult to repair or replace quickly.
Equipment breakdown exposure is high due to the extensive use of machinery and equipment for planting, harvesting, and storage. All machinery and equipment must be regularly inspected and maintained.
Crop exposures are high because growing crops are in the open and are susceptible to damage by animals, bacteria, drought, flooding, frost, fungi, hail, insects, lightning, snow, viruses, weeds, wildfire, wind, and winterkill. While some of these can be mitigated by proper farming practices or chemical applications, others are random acts that may or may not be covered by insurance.
Crime exposures are minimal. Most equipment and inventory are large, heavy, and difficult to remove undetected. Cash exposures are usually small. Employee dishonesty exposures are minor in family-owned and run operations. Pre-employment background checks should be done on all outside employees having access to cash, checks, safes, and equipment.
Inland marine exposures include accounts receivable if customers are billed, computers, goods in transit, mobile equipment, and valuable papers and records for customer, regulatory, and supplier information. Grain farms require a lot of agricultural machinery including combines, irrigation systems, and tractors. Farm equipment stored in buildings can be damaged or stolen. Grain in transit to offsite storage facilities or to customers can be damaged by overturn or collision, which may result in a total loss due to the possibility of food contamination.
Premises liability exposures are generally low. The operation of farming equipment and ATVs not subject to motor vehicle registration falls under premises liability, not automobile liability, even when being used on public roads. Poor rural road conditions combined with heavy or awkward equipment and occasional operation by underage drivers can result in accidents. Group tours and frequent visits by agriculture agents, chemical applicators, mechanics, and inspectors increase the exposure.
Visitors may be injured due to uneven walking surfaces, inadequate housekeeping, farm machinery, and confined or closed spaces in bins, tanks, and silos. Dust explosions and fires may affect neighboring properties. If third parties use the land for recreational purposes, such as hunting, fishing, or camping, the exposure increases as there may be remote areas that are difficult to patrol and control.
Products/completed operations liability exposures are limited when the farmer delivers produce to processors, although there can be a possibility of contaminated grain from the use of chemical applications. Only FDA approved pest control chemicals should be used around stored grain. Genetically engineered seed and grain is a social concern, but health hazards are not known at this time.
Environmental impairment liability exposures can be high due to the potential for air, land, or water pollution from agricultural chemicals, animal waste, fuels for machinery and motor vehicles, refrigerants, and solvents. Use and disposal of all chemicals must be documented and meet all FDA and EPA standards. If there are underground storage tanks, a UST policy will be required.
Workers compensation exposures are very high as farming is very labor-intensive. Work may be required for long hours and in all kinds of weather conditions. Workers may be seasonal, speak another language, and lack adequate training and supervision. Working around farm machinery, tools and equipment can result in a variety of injuries ranging from minor to severe.
Slips, trips, falls, back injuries from lifting, broken bones, foreign objects in the eye, hearing impairment from noise, and muscle strains are common. Employees can receive shocks from malfunctioning electrical equipment or from static charges built up from grain dusts. Exposure to farm chemicals and organic dust can lead to respiratory issues. Workers can suffocate in confined spaces such as grain bins, tanks, silos, and pits. Safety harnesses and respiratory protection are required.
Injuries can result from falls from heights and loading and unloading vehicles.
Business auto exposures are moderate. Grain transport vehicles are heavy and awkward, especially on narrow rural roads. Drivers who are less than 16 may be permitted to drive vehicles during planting and harvest times. All drivers must have appropriate licenses and acceptable MVRs. Vehicles must be well maintained with documentation kept at a central location.
North Carolina Crop Insurance Coverage
Regardless of what types of crop insurance you choose to purchase, having that layer of protection is essential.
Interested in learning more and finding out which type of North Carolina crop insurance is right for your business? Talk to a private crop insurance specialist today about your options and what will work best for your farm or ranch.
North Carolina Economic Data, Regulations & Limits On Commercial Insurance
For business-savvy individuals who are looking to establish operations for their corporation in North Carolina, having a firm understanding of the economic status of the state is essential. It's also crucial that business owners understand what the regulations and limitations for commercial insurance in the state. Below, we offer an overview of the economy and insurance requirements in the Tar Heel State.
For any business owner who is thinking about establishing a NC based organization, it's essential to first understand if the state is considered a healthy location for your enterprise. Before you set up shop, understanding key details that are related to the economy of the state, in addition to what type of commercial insurance is mandated is essential.
Economic Trends for Businesses In North Carolina
Job growth is promising in NC. Between 2017 and 2026, it is estimated that 389,000 jobs will be created within the state. In 2017, the unemployment rate within the state continued to fall at a steady rate; however, as of March, 2019, the state's unemployment rate rose 0.1 percent, a slight increase. Though the unemployment rate in North Carolina is slightly higher than the national average (0.2 percent higher), the forecast is positive, with rates holding steady in the coming years.
As of January, 2019, the unemployment rate did increase in all 100 North Carolina Counties; however, the rate is still lower than it was during the early 2000s. With an unemployment rate of 3.6 percent, Asheville had the best labor market in January, 2019, while in Rocky Mount, the rate was 6.0 percent, the highest in the state.
It is predicted that the following industries will contribute the most to NC's labor market through the year 2026:
- Aerospace and Defense
- Biotechnology and Pharmaceuticals
- Business and Financial Services
- Computer- and Mathematics-related occupations
- Food Processing and Manufacturing
- Furniture Production and Sales
- Health Care and Social Assistance
- Outdoor Recreation
- Plastics and Chemicals
- Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services
Commercial Insurance Regulations and Limits in North Carolina
Every industry is required to comply with state-mandated commercial insurance regulations in the state of North Carolina. According to state law, all businesses that employ three or more workers must carry workers' compensation insurance. Businesses that rely on vehicles for their operations must also carry commercial automobile coverage. Organizations that operate in areas that are prone to flooding must also carry commercial flood insurance. Additional forms of coverage may be required, as well, depending on the specific industry that a business operates under.
Additional Resources For Agribusiness Insurance
Learn about small business agribusiness insurance - a type of commercial insurance protects farmers against loss of, or damage to crops or livestock.
- Insurance Farming Terms Glossary
- Aquaculture Fish Farm
- Commercial Fishermen
- Dairy Farm
- Equine & Horse Farm
- Farm And Ranch
- Farm Equipment Dealers
- Farm Labor Contractors
- Livestock & Cattle
- Mushroom Farms
- Nursery And Greenhouse
- Nut Farm
- Orchards & Groves
- Poultry Farm
- Sheep & Goat Farm
- Swine, Hog & Pig Farm
- Tobacco Farm
- What Are Farm And Ranch Insurance Endorsements?
Farming is, and has always been a tough business. There are many uncontrollable factors for farmers to deal with - like the weather, vermin, or other natural catastrophes. Any of these can destroy cash crops, such as corn, cotton, soybeans, and wheat, and put the farmer in a very bad financial situation.
Insurance for agribusiness falls into three general categories:
The first is property insurance on the buildings and the usually substantial amount of business personal property made up of machinery, livestock, equipment and other stock.
The second is liability for both premises and products.
The last is protection for worker injuries. Commercial auto insurance should be written if the operation owns vehicles and especially if it transports its own products.
There are a wide variety of agribusiness insurance options that are available to farmers. These policies allow them to to receive compensation in the event of a poor growing season, dropping prices, cattle disease or catastrophic natural event.
Loss of crops or livestock can financially ruin an agribusiness operation. The crop insurance agrees to indemnify the farmer, rancher or grower against losses which occur during the crop year. Losses have to be caused by things which are unavoidable or beyond the farmer's control - like a drought, freeze and/or disease.
Some policies offer coverage due to adverse weather events such as the inability to plant due to excess moisture or losses due to the quality of the crop.
Minimum recommended small business insurance coverage: Buildings, Business Personal Property, Crop Insurance, Employee Dishonesty, Accounts Receivable, Computers, Goods in Transit, Mobile Equipment, Valuable Papers and Records, General Liability, Environmental Impairment, Umbrella, Business Automobile Liability and Physical Damage, Hired and Non-owned Auto & Workers Compensation.
Other commercial insurance policies to consider: Business Income and Extra Expense, Earthquake, Equipment Breakdown, Farm Owners, Flood, Computer Fraud, Employee Dishonesty, Forgery, Money and Securities, Cyber Liability, Employee Benefits, Employment-related Practices Liability, Product Recall, Underground Storage Tank, Stop Gap Liability and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) (Drones).
Request a free North Carolina Crop insurance quote in Albemarle, Apex, Archdale, Asheboro, Asheville, Belmont, Boone, Burlington, Carrboro, Cary, Chapel Hill, Charlotte, Clayton, Clemmons, Clinton, Concord, Cornelius, Davidson, Dunn, Durham, Eden, Elizabeth City, Elon, Fayetteville, Fuquay-Varina, Garner, Gastonia, Goldsboro, Graham, Greensboro, Greenville, Harrisburg, Havelock, Henderson, Hendersonville, Hickory, High Point, Holly Springs, Hope Mills, Huntersville, Indian Trail, Jacksonville, Kannapolis, Kernersville, Kings Grant, Kings Mountain, Kinston, Knightdale, Laurinburg, Leland, Lenoir, Lewisville, Lexington, Lincolnton, Lumberton, Matthews, Mebane, Mint Hill, Monroe, Mooresville, Morehead City, Morganton, Morrisville, Mount Airy, Mount Holly, Murraysville, Myrtle Grove, New Bern, Newton, Oxford, Pinehurst, Piney Green, Raleigh, Reidsville, Roanoke Rapids, Rockingham, Rocky Mount, Salisbury, Sanford, Shelby, Smithfield, Southern Pines, Spring Lake, St. Stephens, Stallings, Statesville, Summerfield, Tarboro, Thomasville, Wake Forest, Washington, Waxhaw, Waynesville, Weddington, Wesley Chapel, Wilmington, Wilson, Winston-Salem, Winterville and all other NC cities & North Carolina counties near me in The Tar Heel State.
Also find NC local small businesses by General Liability Class Code and learn about North Carolina small business insurance requirements for general liability, business property, commercial auto & workers compensation including NC business insurance costs. Call us (704) 703-1413.