Michigan Crop Insurance Policy Information
Michigan Crop Insurance. Crop insurance can be purchased by farmers or agricultural producers to protect them against the loss of their crops due to a natural disaster or loss in revenue due to declines in the price of their commodities.
Cash grain farms grow a variety of grain crops for sale, including barley, corn, oats, rice, rye, soybeans, and wheat. While weather conditions are outside the control of farmers, grain farming also depends on natural substances such as compost and manure to be successful, plus several chemical applications such as fertilizers, fungicides, herbicides, and pesticides.
Bailers, combines, cultivators, disks, drills, hay rakes, mowers, plows, press wheels, seeders, tillers, tractors, and other types of farming machinery are required to support grain production on these farms.
Let's take a look at Michigan crop insurance policies that you might need to make sure that your crops and your income are protected.
Michigan crop insurance protects your cash crops like corn, cotton, soybeans, and wheat from weather damage or falling prices - with rates as low as $77/mo. Get a fast quote and protect your income now.
Types Of Crop Insurance
There are two main types of Michigan crop insurance available: Crop-Hail and Multiple Peril Crop Insurance (MPCI). Both of these coverages are available to farmers and agricultural producers in the United States:
Multiple Peril Crop Insurance
MPCI covers farmers for crop loss due to natural events or disasters. This insurance also covers for lower yields as a result of natural events. Some common natural events that can affect a crop include: destructive weather (hail, damaging wind), drought, disease, insect damage, fire or flooding.
MPCI is federally regulated, but is sold by private crop insurance companies. Around 90% of farmers who choose to purchase crop insurance choose to buy MPCI coverage. This coverage is available for over 120 different crops. There are geographical restrictions, though, on which crops are covered.
Multiple Peril Crop Insurance policies must be purchased before the start of the particular crops growing season. The federal government establishes deadlines for when MPCI must be purchased. Many of these policies include incentives to replant crops if they are damaged early enough in the season. They also may enforce a penalty if the crops are not replanted.
This type of Michigan crop insurance is important to farmers living in areas of the country where hail is a frequent event. Hail can be incredibly damaging to crops, however, it is unique in that it can completely destroy one area of the crop, but leave the rest untouched.
These policies are sold by private crop insurance brokers and are regulated by the Michigan state insurance department.
A lot of MI farmers choose to buy crop-hail insurance as a supplement to their Multiple Peril Crop Insurance. These Michigan crop insurance policies typically include a very low to no deductible. This coverage can be purchased at any time during the growing season.
Many farmers find crop-hail insurance to be beneficial as a supplement to MPCI because some hail claims are smaller than what the deductible for their MPCI is, so they end up paying less out of pocket for small hail claims when they have this coverage.
MPCI mixes federal insurance with private crop insurance to successfully offer comprehensive and affordable coverage to America's farmers.
Crop Revenue Insurance
Another type of Michigan crop insurance is called crop revenue insurance. This policy helps to protect farmers during the years when their crops have a low yield or when the price of their crop is low. This type of coverage helps to ensure that the farmer's revenues are protected against dramatic swings in crop prices.
MI Cash Crop Insurance Risks & Exposures
Property exposures depend on the size of the operation, type of grain stored, and the number and types of buildings. Primary ignition sources include the automated conveyance equipment, static electricity built up within grain storage areas, faulty wiring, fuel, heaters, and smoking. Explosion can arise when grain dust and vapors from certain chemicals, fertilizers, and fuels are combined with stored grain or hay.
The age, condition and construction of buildings and structures must be considered. All machinery should be grounded to prevent static buildup and discharge and inspected and maintained regularly to avoid wear and tear or overheating losses. Wiring must be up to date, of sufficient capacity, and with explosion-proof fixtures. Moisture and temperature levels must be continuously controlled. Lightning may strike buildings unprotected by rods and Ground Fault Interrupters (GFIs), grain dryers can overheat or become jammed, decaying organic material may spontaneously combust, burning operations may spread, and severe winds and tornados may destroy property in certain geographical areas.
Buildings may collapse under the weight of stored grain. Farms are in rural areas where fire response time may be slow and a water supply to douse a fire may be undependable. Smoking should be prohibited. The business income exposure can be high as some processing equipment may be difficult to repair or replace quickly.
Equipment breakdown exposure is high due to the extensive use of machinery and equipment for planting, harvesting, and storage. All machinery and equipment must be regularly inspected and maintained.
Crop exposures are high because growing crops are in the open and are susceptible to damage by animals, bacteria, drought, flooding, frost, fungi, hail, insects, lightning, snow, viruses, weeds, wildfire, wind, and winterkill. While some of these can be mitigated by proper farming practices or chemical applications, others are random acts that may or may not be covered by insurance.
Crime exposures are minimal. Most equipment and inventory are large, heavy, and difficult to remove undetected. Cash exposures are usually small. Employee dishonesty exposures are minor in family-owned and run operations. Pre-employment background checks should be done on all outside employees having access to cash, checks, safes, and equipment.
Inland marine exposures include accounts receivable if customers are billed, computers, goods in transit, mobile equipment, and valuable papers and records for customer, regulatory, and supplier information. Grain farms require a lot of agricultural machinery including combines, irrigation systems, and tractors. Farm equipment stored in buildings can be damaged or stolen. Grain in transit to offsite storage facilities or to customers can be damaged by overturn or collision, which may result in a total loss due to the possibility of food contamination.
Premises liability exposures are generally low. The operation of farming equipment and ATVs not subject to motor vehicle registration falls under premises liability, not automobile liability, even when being used on public roads. Poor rural road conditions combined with heavy or awkward equipment and occasional operation by underage drivers can result in accidents. Group tours and frequent visits by agriculture agents, chemical applicators, mechanics, and inspectors increase the exposure.
Visitors may be injured due to uneven walking surfaces, inadequate housekeeping, farm machinery, and confined or closed spaces in bins, tanks, and silos. Dust explosions and fires may affect neighboring properties. If third parties use the land for recreational purposes, such as hunting, fishing, or camping, the exposure increases as there may be remote areas that are difficult to patrol and control.
Products/completed operations liability exposures are limited when the farmer delivers produce to processors, although there can be a possibility of contaminated grain from the use of chemical applications. Only FDA approved pest control chemicals should be used around stored grain. Genetically engineered seed and grain is a social concern, but health hazards are not known at this time.
Environmental impairment liability exposures can be high due to the potential for air, land, or water pollution from agricultural chemicals, animal waste, fuels for machinery and motor vehicles, refrigerants, and solvents. Use and disposal of all chemicals must be documented and meet all FDA and EPA standards. If there are underground storage tanks, a UST policy will be required.
Workers compensation exposures are very high as farming is very labor-intensive. Work may be required for long hours and in all kinds of weather conditions. Workers may be seasonal, speak another language, and lack adequate training and supervision. Working around farm machinery, tools and equipment can result in a variety of injuries ranging from minor to severe.
Slips, trips, falls, back injuries from lifting, broken bones, foreign objects in the eye, hearing impairment from noise, and muscle strains are common. Employees can receive shocks from malfunctioning electrical equipment or from static charges built up from grain dusts. Exposure to farm chemicals and organic dust can lead to respiratory issues. Workers can suffocate in confined spaces such as grain bins, tanks, silos, and pits. Safety harnesses and respiratory protection are required.
Injuries can result from falls from heights and loading and unloading vehicles.
Business auto exposures are moderate. Grain transport vehicles are heavy and awkward, especially on narrow rural roads. Drivers who are less than 16 may be permitted to drive vehicles during planting and harvest times. All drivers must have appropriate licenses and acceptable MVRs. Vehicles must be well maintained with documentation kept at a central location.
Michigan Crop Insurance Coverage
Regardless of what types of crop insurance you choose to purchase, having that layer of protection is essential.
Interested in learning more and finding out which type of Michigan crop insurance is right for your business? Talk to a private crop insurance specialist today about your options and what will work best for your farm or ranch.
Michigan Economic Data And Business Insurance Requirements
Business owners who are interested in establishing operations Michigan must have a thorough understanding of the state's economy. They should also familiarize themselves with any regulations and limits that state may have in place for commercial insurance.
Any entrepreneur who is thinking about starting a business in the Great Lake State first needs to determine if it's a feasible location for business operations. As such, it's important to have a keen understanding of pertinent details regarding the economy of Michigan, in addition to the types of insurance coverage that are mandatory for corporations that operate within the state.
Economic Trends for Businesses In Michigan
After a long period of stagnant job growth in the early part of the 21st century, MI has been experiencing a steady increase in employment gains. Between 2009 and 2018, the state has enjoyed a period of uninterrupted job growth; the longest stretch of job growth since World War II. According to economists at the University of Michigan. While there has been a slight decline in the rate of job growth, job creation continues and forecasters say will continue for the next two years, into 2021.
In 2018, an estimated 55,200 jobs were created; in 2019, it's expected that 35,800 jobs will be created, and in 2020, economists believe that there will be a total of 39,300 jobs created in Michigan. While that rate of growth is 1.9 percent slower than the job growth rate between 2011 and 2016, it is still a steady increase overall. In total, approximate 683,200 jobs will be created in MI between 2099 and 2020; almost four out of the five jobs that were lost during the early part of the 21st century will be recovered.
While the unemployment rate has steadily improved, it is still above the national average. In March of 2019, the national unemployment rate was 3.8 percent, while in the state of Michigan, it was 4.0 percent. Mid-Michigan has experienced the largest growth rate in the state, and according to forecasters, it looks like that trend will continue, moving forward. Industries that are expected to see the most growth include:
- Energy, due largely to research and development in clean energy
- Food and agriculture
- Transportation and mobility
- Healthcare industry
- Information and technology
In the state of MI, business owners are not legally required to carry liability insurance; but most entrepreneurs opt to invest in a General Liability or Business Owner's Policy (BOP). A commercial auto insurance policy is also required for any businesses that use motor vehicles to conduct any aspect of their business operations. Workers' compensation insurance is also required for any businesses with non-owner employees. While the following forms of coverage are not required, depending on the type of business you operate, they are recommended:
- Data breach insurance
- Business income insurance
- Commercial Umbrella insurance
Additional Resources For Agribusiness Insurance
Learn about small business agribusiness insurance - a type of commercial insurance protects farmers against loss of, or damage to crops or livestock.
- Insurance Farming Terms Glossary
- Aquaculture Fish Farm
- Commercial Fishermen
- Dairy Farm
- Equine & Horse Farm
- Farm And Ranch
- Farm Equipment Dealers
- Farm Labor Contractors
- Livestock & Cattle
- Mushroom Farms
- Nursery And Greenhouse
- Nut Farm
- Orchards & Groves
- Poultry Farm
- Sheep & Goat Farm
- Swine, Hog & Pig Farm
- Tobacco Farm
- What Are Farm And Ranch Insurance Endorsements?
Farming is, and has always been a tough business. There are many uncontrollable factors for farmers to deal with - like the weather, vermin, or other natural catastrophes. Any of these can destroy cash crops, such as corn, cotton, soybeans, and wheat, and put the farmer in a very bad financial situation.
Insurance for agribusiness falls into three general categories:
The first is property insurance on the buildings and the usually substantial amount of business personal property made up of machinery, livestock, equipment and other stock.
The second is liability for both premises and products.
The last is protection for worker injuries. Commercial auto insurance should be written if the operation owns vehicles and especially if it transports its own products.
There are a wide variety of agribusiness insurance options that are available to farmers. These policies allow them to to receive compensation in the event of a poor growing season, dropping prices, cattle disease or catastrophic natural event.
Loss of crops or livestock can financially ruin an agribusiness operation. The crop insurance agrees to indemnify the farmer, rancher or grower against losses which occur during the crop year. Losses have to be caused by things which are unavoidable or beyond the farmer's control - like a drought, freeze and/or disease.
Some policies offer coverage due to adverse weather events such as the inability to plant due to excess moisture or losses due to the quality of the crop.
Minimum recommended small business insurance coverage: Buildings, Business Personal Property, Crop Insurance, Employee Dishonesty, Accounts Receivable, Computers, Goods in Transit, Mobile Equipment, Valuable Papers and Records, General Liability, Environmental Impairment, Umbrella, Business Automobile Liability and Physical Damage, Hired and Non-owned Auto & Workers Compensation.
Other commercial insurance policies to consider: Business Income and Extra Expense, Earthquake, Equipment Breakdown, Farm Owners, Flood, Computer Fraud, Employee Dishonesty, Forgery, Money and Securities, Cyber Liability, Employee Benefits, Employment-related Practices Liability, Product Recall, Underground Storage Tank, Stop Gap Liability and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) (Drones).
Request a free Michigan Crop insurance quote in Adrian, Allen Park, Allendale, Ann Arbor, Auburn Hills, Battle Creek, Bay City, Berkley, Beverly Hills, Big Rapids, Birmingham, Burton, Cadillac, Clawson, Coldwater, Cutlerville, Dearborn, Dearborn Heights, Detroit, East Grand Rapids, East Lansing, Eastpointe, Escanaba, Farmington, Farmington Hills, Fenton, Ferndale, Flint, Forest Hills, Fraser, Garden City, Grand Haven, Grand Rapids, Grandville, Grosse Pointe Park, Grosse Pointe Woods, Hamtramck, Harper Woods, Haslett, Hazel Park, Highland Park, Holland, Holt, Inkster, Ionia, Jackson, Jenison, Kalamazoo, Kentwood, Lansing, Lincoln Park, Livonia, Madison Heights, Marquette, Melvindale, Midland, Monroe, Mount Clemens, Mount Pleasant, Muskegon, Muskegon Heights, New Baltimore, Niles, Northview, Norton Shores, Novi, Oak Park, Okemos, Owosso, Pontiac, Port Huron, Portage, Riverview, Rochester, Rochester Hills, Romulus, Roseville, Royal Oak, Saginaw, Sault Ste. Marie, South Lyon, Southfield, Southgate, St. Clair Shores, Sterling Heights, Sturgis, Taylor, Traverse City, Trenton, Troy, Walker, Warren, Waverly, Wayne, Westland, Wixom, Woodhaven, Wyandotte, Wyoming, Ypsilanti and all other MI cities & Michigan counties near me in The Great Lakes State.
Also find MI local small businesses by General Liability Class Code and learn about Michigan small business insurance requirements for general liability, business property, commercial auto & workers compensation including MI business insurance costs. Call us (313) 344-7177.