Farm Labor Contractors Insurance Michigan Policy Information
Farm Labor Contractors Insurance Michigan. Owning and operating a farm, large or small, can be an overwhelming amount of effort. Not only do you have to count on good weather to produce a bountiful yield, but the amount of work is also typically enough; you will have to hire employees to ensure everything gets done throughout your season.
Farm labor contractors recruit and employ farm workers who harvest crops for others. They may be compensated for their services by the farm with the job opening or by the person seeking employment, on either a commission or flat fee basis.
The contractor is responsible for all labor-related issues, including payroll accounting, withholding for all applicable state and federal taxes, workers compensation, and compliance with the Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (MSAWP).
The contractor normally provides transportation for workers to and from the fields. The contractor may also provide housing, clothing, protective gear, food, and other services to the workers.
Whenever you hire employees, it is crucial to think about the legal liabilities that come with hiring that help and the farm labor contractors insurance Michigan you will need to protect your workers and operations. You can incur liabilities for any damage to third parties brought about by your employees' neglectful actions, of if your workers get injured.
Farm labor contractors insurance Michigan protects your farm workers business from lawsuits with rates as low as $77/mo. Get a fast quote and your certificate of insurance now.
Why Do Farmers Use Farm Labor Contractors?
There are three types of workers that farmers can employ in order to run a successful farm:
- Servant: This could be someone you hire, is a part of your crew, and you have authority over the way this employee conducts themselves on the job.
- Agent: Someone who is hired to conduct pointed business on your behalf. They may also manage affairs such as finances or lead a crew of servants.
- Independent Contractor: Someone you contract in order to accomplish certain tasks on the farm. This contractor will perform the job you need but will follow their own system and methods to get the job done.
What's The Farmer's Liability For Using Michigan Farm Labor Contractors?
How do the three types of workers affect your liability concerns in the framework of working on your MI farm?
If you manage the actions of servants you hire, this is known in legalese as a master-servant relationship. You may be liable for the actions of your employee if that employee causes personal injury or any type of damage to the property of any 3rd party. As such, legal liability is not always cut and dry in every case, and judgment is often decided with a judge or jury.
The agent may have duties that are pointed and clear, but their actions or negligence may result in your liability for injury or damage occurring during the course of their task. Depending on the agent's duty, seeking legal advice beforehand can help to mitigate some of these issues.
Independent farm labor contractors typically carry less of a liability risk when hired. Because they are brought in to accomplish specific tasks, they are going to utilize their own system and way of doing things. As a farm employer, you would typically not be responsible for the actions or the result of those actions, that occur due to them.
There are unique situations where you could be legally liable in the event injury or damage occurs:
- High-risk job duty
- Plans for the job that are flawed and can prove to cause injury or damage
All farming work has its risks, and the best course of action to mitigate that risk is to work with your agent to secure a comprehensive farm labor contractors insurance Michigan policy that is tailored to your specific operation.
You have options to protect your workers and operations, in the form of worker's compensation insurance and employer liability insurance.
How Does Workers Compensation Work For Farm Labor Contractors?
Workers Compensation Insurance
Virtually every state requires worker's compensation, which has been designed to cover costs associated with an employee's injury on the job. Each state's body of laws and benefits vary. Your broker should know the minimum requirements for your area.
Employer's Liability Insurance
This type of liability insurance will protect you from legal liability of an injury to an employee if Worker's compensation does not cover the incident. There also may be a gap in the coverage for the employee from worker's compensation, and that employee may decide to sue you, the employer, for the difference of the gap in coverage.
Employer's Liability insurance will cover the gaps if you hire farm labor contractors for your operation. Taking into account all types of risks associated with managing and operating your farm, you want the peace of mind that comes in the form of uninterrupted coverage.
What Other Insurance Types Do Farm Labor Contractors Need?
Minimum recommended coverages: Business Personal Property, Employee Dishonesty, Money and Securities, Accounts Receivable, Computers, Valuable Papers and Records, General Liability, Employee Benefits, Umbrella, Commercial Auto Liability and Physical Damage & Hired and Non-owned Auto.
These are just some of the farm labor contractors insurance Michigan insurance coverage you might need. Your best course of action is to work with a trusted agent to identify and secure your farm labor contractor's insurance needs.
Your MI agent will know what your state's requirements are and can outline any gap insurance needs you may have based on the way you manage your MI farm operation.
Yes, people steal chickens! Your policy should take into account what would happen in the theft of any of your property, including your animals.
Michigan Farm Labor Contractor's Risks & Exposures
Premises liability exposures at the contractor's office are limited. Off premises, workers may damage the farmer's property where they work. Because the contract between the farm labor contractor and farmer may include insurance-related contractual obligations, it should be reviewed carefully.
Personal injury liability exposures are moderate due to the amount of confidential information obtained from job seekers. The labor contractor must take great care to maintain confidentiality when obtaining and releasing information regarding workers and employers.
Workers compensation exposures are very high as farming is labor-intensive. Training, supervision, and communication is important in maintaining a safe work environment. Working around farm machinery, tools and equipment can result in a variety of injuries ranging from minor to severe.
Slips, trips, falls, back injuries, broken bones, foreign objects in the eye, hearing impairment from noise, and muscle strains are common. Exposure to farm chemicals, noxious odors from livestock, and organic dust can lead to respiratory issues. Workers can suffocate in confined spaces such as grain bins, tanks, silos, and pits. Safety harnesses and respiratory protection are required.
Injuries can result from falls from heights and loading and unloading vehicles. Auto-related injuries may occur, especially when workers are transported for long distances. Workers being housed at camps may present a 24-hour exposure.
Property exposures are generally limited to those of an office. Ignition sources include electrical wiring, heating, and air conditioning systems. If the contractor provides housing to the workers, the electrical and plumbing systems should be well maintained and meet current codes.
This housing is usually in isolated areas with little public fire protection and is vacant during the off-season. When housing is provided, common meals are served in a central kitchen area with equipment limited to domestic ranges. Fire extinguishers should be up to date and residents taught to use them effectively.
Crime exposures include employee dishonesty and theft of money and securities. Pre-employment checks should be conducted for any employee handling money. There should be a division of responsibilities, so the same worker is not responsible for receiving money from farmers, paying workers, and reconciling bank statements.
Workers are often paid in cash, requiring a substantial amount of money on payday that may be tempting to both employees and thieves.
Inland marine exposures include accounts receivable if the contractor offers credit to farmers, computers, and valuable papers and records, including employment contracts and all documentation required for MSAWP compliance. Duplicates should be made and kept in an off-site backup facility for easy reproduction following a loss.
Because most farm labor contractors are constantly moving, mobile equipment and transit coverages may be needed for items that accompany the workers.
Business auto exposures are moderate because vehicles are used to transport workers to and from the farms and from one field to another. These trucks, vans and buses may be driven on major interstates as well as on small winding rural roads.
Drivers should have appropriate licenses and acceptable MVRs. Vehicles must be maintained, and records kept in a central location.
Farm Labor Contractors Insurance - The Bottom Line
MI farm labor contractors insurance is designed to comply with labor laws, mitigate your risk and maximize your business' ability to focus on carrying out the operations to make it successful.
Michigan Economic Data And Business Insurance Requirements
Business owners who are interested in establishing operations Michigan must have a thorough understanding of the state's economy. They should also familiarize themselves with any regulations and limits that state may have in place for commercial insurance.
Any entrepreneur who is thinking about starting a business in the Great Lake State first needs to determine if it's a feasible location for business operations. As such, it's important to have a keen understanding of pertinent details regarding the economy of Michigan, in addition to the types of insurance coverage that are mandatory for corporations that operate within the state.
Economic Trends for Businesses In Michigan
After a long period of stagnant job growth in the early part of the 21st century, MI has been experiencing a steady increase in employment gains. Between 2009 and 2018, the state has enjoyed a period of uninterrupted job growth; the longest stretch of job growth since World War II. According to economists at the University of Michigan. While there has been a slight decline in the rate of job growth, job creation continues and forecasters say will continue for the next two years, into 2021.
In 2018, an estimated 55,200 jobs were created; in 2019, it's expected that 35,800 jobs will be created, and in 2020, economists believe that there will be a total of 39,300 jobs created in Michigan. While that rate of growth is 1.9 percent slower than the job growth rate between 2011 and 2016, it is still a steady increase overall. In total, approximate 683,200 jobs will be created in MI between 2099 and 2020; almost four out of the five jobs that were lost during the early part of the 21st century will be recovered.
While the unemployment rate has steadily improved, it is still above the national average. In March of 2019, the national unemployment rate was 3.8 percent, while in the state of Michigan, it was 4.0 percent. Mid-Michigan has experienced the largest growth rate in the state, and according to forecasters, it looks like that trend will continue, moving forward. Industries that are expected to see the most growth include:
- Energy, due largely to research and development in clean energy
- Food and agriculture
- Transportation and mobility
- Healthcare industry
- Information and technology
In the state of MI, business owners are not legally required to carry liability insurance; but most entrepreneurs opt to invest in a General Liability or Business Owner's Policy (BOP). A commercial auto insurance policy is also required for any businesses that use motor vehicles to conduct any aspect of their business operations. Workers' compensation insurance is also required for any businesses with non-owner employees. While the following forms of coverage are not required, depending on the type of business you operate, they are recommended:
- Data breach insurance
- Business income insurance
- Commercial Umbrella insurance
Additional Resources For Agribusiness Insurance
Learn about small business agribusiness insurance - a type of commercial insurance protects farmers against loss of, or damage to crops or livestock.
- Insurance Farming Terms Glossary
- Aquaculture Fish Farm
- Commercial Fishermen
- Dairy Farm
- Equine & Horse Farm
- Farm And Ranch
- Farm Equipment Dealers
- Farm Labor Contractors
- Livestock & Cattle
- Mushroom Farms
- Nursery And Greenhouse
- Nut Farm
- Orchards & Groves
- Poultry Farm
- Sheep & Goat Farm
- Swine, Hog & Pig Farm
- Tobacco Farm
- What Are Farm And Ranch Insurance Endorsements?
Farming is, and has always been a tough business. There are many uncontrollable factors for farmers to deal with - like the weather, vermin, or other natural catastrophes. Any of these can destroy cash crops, such as corn, cotton, soybeans, and wheat, and put the farmer in a very bad financial situation.
Insurance for agribusiness falls into three general categories:
The first is property insurance on the buildings and the usually substantial amount of business personal property made up of machinery, livestock, equipment and other stock.
The second is liability for both premises and products.
The last is protection for worker injuries. Commercial auto insurance should be written if the operation owns vehicles and especially if it transports its own products.
There are a wide variety of agribusiness insurance options that are available to farmers. These policies allow them to to receive compensation in the event of a poor growing season, dropping prices, cattle disease or catastrophic natural event.
Loss of crops or livestock can financially ruin an agribusiness operation. The crop insurance agrees to indemnify the farmer, rancher or grower against losses which occur during the crop year. Losses have to be caused by things which are unavoidable or beyond the farmer's control - like a drought, freeze and/or disease.
Some policies offer coverage due to adverse weather events such as the inability to plant due to excess moisture or losses due to the quality of the crop.
Minimum recommended small business insurance coverage: Buildings, Business Personal Property, Crop Insurance, Employee Dishonesty, Accounts Receivable, Computers, Goods in Transit, Mobile Equipment, Valuable Papers and Records, General Liability, Environmental Impairment, Umbrella, Business Automobile Liability and Physical Damage, Hired and Non-owned Auto & Workers Compensation.
Other commercial insurance policies to consider: Business Income and Extra Expense, Earthquake, Equipment Breakdown, Farm Owners, Flood, Computer Fraud, Employee Dishonesty, Forgery, Money and Securities, Cyber Liability, Employee Benefits, Employment-related Practices Liability, Product Recall, Underground Storage Tank, Stop Gap Liability and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) (Drones).
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