North Dakota Municipalities Insurance Policy Information
North Dakota Municipalities Insurance. In the public sector, exposures to risks and losses aren't anything new. In fact, public officials face numerous liabilities on a daily basis. Given the fact that city officials are tasked with so many responsibilities, such as balancing budgets, managing debts, ensuring that the residents in their jurisdictions are safe and have access to proper protection and education, infrastructure is functioning properly, and more.
Given all of the responsibilities that municipalities are tasked with, it's no wonder why officials are exposed to so many risks.
Municipal buildings provide office and meeting facilities for township, city, county, or state legislative operations. They often have auditoriums designed for large public gatherings or for political assemblies. A council runs municipalities, either elected or appointed and may have a mayor who acts as the leader.
Wide varieties of services are provided to residents in exchange for tax dollars. These services may include planning and zoning, licenses and permits, assessors' and surveyors' offices, courts, disease control, sanitation, road construction and maintenance, snow removal, and public protection such as police or fire departments.
Some municipalities contract utility services, such as gas, water, or electricity, for residents within their geographical area.
In order for municipalities to protect themselves from the numerous risks that they face, investing in the right type of North Dakota municipalities insurance is essential. What type of insurance should municipalities carry and why is insurance coverage so important? Read on to find out more.
North Dakota municipalities insurance protects your municipal buildings and operations from lawsuits with rates as low as $67/mo. Get a fast quote and your certificate of insurance now.
Why Do Municipalities Need Insurance?
In the event that a city official makes an error or a poor decision that ends up damaging the constituents that represent, officials, as well as the city, are responsible for any associated damages.
For example, if a budget is mismanaged and funds aren't allocated to the departments they are supposed to be allocated to and aren't used for what they are intended to be use for and constituents file a lawsuit against the city, serious financial repercussions could arise.
That's just one example of the issues that municipalities and city officials face and why North Dakota municipalities insurance coverage is so important. In the event that an unforeseen circumstance, an error, or even an intended action that does not benefit the municipality occurs, insurance would help to cover the related costs that are associated with damages, repairs, medical bills, and legal defense fees.
Without the right ND municipalities insurance coverage, the municipality would have to pay for the related expenses themselves. With municipal insurance, however, if and when an issue does arise, the insurance carrier would cover the associated costs.
What Type Of Insurance Do Municipalities Need?
The type of North Dakota municipalities insurance coverage that municipal operations require varies and depends on a variety of factors.
With that said, however, there are several types of coverage that all ND municipalities should carry. These municipal coverages include:
- General Liability: This type of coverage protects municipalities from third-party liability and property damage claims that may occur on properties that are controlled under a municipality. For example, if someone were to trip and fall on an improperly maintained sidewalk or if a vehicle were to be damaged on a pothole that has existed for a long time and the injured individual or the person who owns the damaged vehicle filed a lawsuit against the municipality, this part of an insurance policy would cover the expenses that are associated with legal defense fees, as well as any settlements that a court may be find the municipality responsible for.
- Crime Insurance: An important part of protecting the constituents of a municipality is crime prevention. Officials must take the necessary precautions to protect their cities from potential crime as much as possible. If a city fails to do so, however - for example, if there rioting and looting were to occur and business did nothing to prevent or quell the illegal, destructive, and harmful actions, business owners or anyone who else that was affected by the rioting and looting could file a lawsuit against the city. This part of a municipality insurance policy would help to cover any of the related costs in this type of situation.
- Employment Practices Liability (EPLI): Generally, this type of coverage offers municipalities with the protection they need against claims that may be made by employees for unfair employment practices; age, race, or gender discrimination, wrongful termination, unfair discipline, retaliation, or nepotism that leads for unfair hiring practices, for example. If someone were to file a lawsuit against the city for these negative employment practices, this part of an insurance policy would help to pay for the related expenses.
These policies are a few examples of the type of North Dakota municipalities insurance coverage you should consider for your municipal operations. To find out more about the coverages that a properly designed ND municipality insurance policy should offer, speak with an insurance broker.
ND Municipalities' Risks & Exposures
Premises liability exposure is high due to services provided to residents and the public's access to the building. If tours are given, exposures increase significantly as guests may be led through areas generally "off limits" to more casual visitors.
Legislation and judicial decisions have eroded governmental immunity protection in most states. Public and life safety code compliance is very important. To prevent trips, slips, and falls, all premises must be well maintained with flooring in good condition. Adequate lighting, marked exits, and egress are mandatory. Steps must have handrails, be well lit, marked, and in good repair.
An outside service contractor should inspect elevators and escalators annually. Parking lots should be free of ice and snow. Municipal facilities may be a target for vandals, disgruntled citizens, criminals, or terrorists. Security inside the facility, as well as outside areas including owned parking area, needs to be carefully implemented and monitored.
An evacuation plan must be in place. Personal injury losses may occur due to alleged assault, discrimination, invasion of privacy, or unlawful detention.
Public officials' liability exposure can be severe. Today's political climate has seen an increase in lawsuits against public officials for failure to perform the functions of their office, failure to account for tax funds, failure to enforce regulations, failure to follow mandated procedures, such as open bidding on contracts, bad faith, and other errors or omissions. Defense costs can be prohibitively expensive.
Workers compensation exposures are varied, from office workers to volunteers, janitorial staff, building or yard maintenance workers, repair personnel, and drivers. Workers may incur back injuries, hernias, slips, falls, strains, or sprains. Skin and lung irritation can result from working with cleaning chemicals and paint.
Office workers may develop repetitive motion injuries. Workstations should be ergonomically designed. There may be interactions with angry constituents or protestors. Employees should be trained to deal with difficult situations.
Property exposure is generally low. Ignition sources include electrical wiring, heating, and air conditioning systems. There may be a restaurant or cafeteria on premises. Most offices and auditoriums have extensive wiring for lighting, computers, and other electronic equipment. It must be in good repair and adequate for its use.
Valuation may be a concern in older buildings with unique architectural features that may be difficult to rebuild with like construction and quality after a loss. Smoke detectors are critical for early detection of a fire. Smoking should be prohibited.
If there is a restaurant or cafeteria on premises, all cooking equipment should be properly protected. Garages for storing, fueling, and maintaining vehicles must be separated from office facilities. Municipal facilities may be a target for political activists or for terrorists.
Adequate security is required. There should be disaster recovery plans in place to continue operations in the event of a large loss.
Crime exposure is from public officials' dishonesty, employee dishonesty, and money and securities. Background checks, including criminal history, must be completed on all employees. Receipts must be provided for all payments of taxes, fees, fines, and penalties, with daily reconciliation between receipts and money received.
Deposits should be made promptly with appropriate security provided. Money should not be left on premises overnight. There must be regular audits, preferably by an outside firm. All employees must take at least one complete week vacation every year.
If the facilities have offices to collect fees, penalties, or obtain permits and licenses, there may be an exposure to hold up.
Inland marine exposures are from accounts receivable for billings, audio/visual equipment, computers, contractors' equipment, fine arts, and valuable papers and records. Contractors' equipment may be used off-premises to build, maintain, or service municipal streets and roads.
If any owned equipment is used or taken off-premises, the exposure increases. Fine arts such as statuary and paintings, artifacts, historical documents, rare or historical books, or manuscripts may be one-of-a-kind and irreplaceable.
If insured, valuation should be done by a qualified appraiser. Valuable papers and records are often delicate and must be protected from fire, water damage, vandalism, theft, or other losses. Duplicates of all files should be stored at an off-site facility for easy retrieval in the event of a loss.
Business auto exposure can be high if vehicles are used to transport public officials, guests, and visitors. All drivers must have appropriate licenses and acceptable MVRs. All vehicles must be maintained on a regular basis with records kept in a central location.
During inclement weather, drivers may be on the road for extended hours in adverse conditions. Supervision is necessary so drivers can be rotated and not become overly fatigued.
There may be a high non-owned auto exposure if employees use their own vehicles to run errands or attend meetings on municipal business. Employees should carry personal automobile insurance with adequate liability limits.
North Dakota Municipalities Insurance - The Bottom Line
To learn more about the specific types of North Dakota municipalities insurance policies you'll need and how much coverage your municipal buildings and operations need - speak with an experienced insurance broker who understands the unique risks that municipalities face.
North Dakota Economic Data, Regulations And Limits On Commercial Insurance
Are you an entrepreneur? Are you thinking about launching a start-up business in North Dakota, or are you thinking about expanding an already existing business to the state?
If so, it's important to consider the economic trends and the commercial insurance requirements of the Peace Garden State.
Understanding the economic trends of state is crucial for business owners because this information indicates whether or not the climate is favorable for success.
Being aware of the commercial insurance policies that the state mandates is also important so that you know what types of coverage you need to invest in order to properly protect your venture and ensure you are complaint with the law.
Below, we offer an overview of these two critical factors for related to the state of North Dakota.
Economic Trends For Business Owners In North Dakota
Unemployment rate is a strong indicator of a state's economy. The lower the rate, the more people are employed, and that information is directly related to the success businesses are experiencing in the state.
In December of 2019, the Bureau of Labor Statistics reported that the unemployment rate in the Peace Garden State was 2.4%, which was 1.1% below the national average of 3.5%. This statistic indicates that North Dakota offers a favorable economy for prospective business owners who are thinking about establishing operations in the state.
Additionally, the state is tax-friendly, offers a healthy quality of life, and has a healthy startup environment, making it an ideal location for entrepreneurs.
As in most states, the areas where entrepreneurs can expect to see the most success in the North Dakota are urban locations and the suburbs that surround them. These areas offer access to more regional markets, provide larger markets, and offers a more diverse (both in numbers and qualifications) workforce.
As such, the best locations to start a business in ND include:
- Grand Forks
- West Fargo
Organizations in numerous sectors can expect to see success in this state, as there are several industries that are thriving in North Dakota. The top industries include:
- Hospitality and tourism
- Retail and wholesale distribution
Commercial Insurance Requirements In North Dakota
The North Dakota Insurance Department regulates insurance in ND. North Dakota mandates very few forms of insurance coverage by law. They enforce worker's compensation.
North Dakota requires you to have worker's compensation insurance if you hire even one employee on a regular basis. This includes part-time employees, family members, minors, and immigrant employees. It is not required for independent contractors or domestic employees, though you should check to make sure any contractors you have are true contractors, and not employees.
North Dakota also requires all business-owned vehicles to be covered by commercial auto insurance. Other types of business insurance that business owners should carry depend on the specific industry.
Additional Resources For Miscellaneous Insurance
Find informative articles on miscellaneous businesses including the types of commercial insurance they need, costs and other considerations.
- Adult Daycare Insurance
- Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting
- Bail Agent
- Check Cashing
- Control of Well
- Employment / Staffing Agency
- Engraving Business
- Facility Support Services
- Mail Order
- Oil And Gas Lease
- Personal Concierge
- Photofinishing Lab
- Portable Sanitation
- Printers & Publishers
- Private Water Districts
- Process Server
- RV Parks & Campgrounds
- Security Guard
- Surety Bonds
- Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) Drone
- Waste Disposal Landfill
- Wedding Planner
An insurance contract is an agreement where one party obligates itself to make good the financial loss or damage sustained by a second party when a designated event occurs. The event must be fortuitous and happen by accident. The named insured must have insurable interest at the time of loss. One final point is that in order for any contract to be considered insurance, there must be a risk of loss.
Fortuitous Event - An occurrence largely beyond the control of any involved party; happening by chance; accidental; for example: fire, lightning, windstorm, explosion or flood.
Insurable Interest - In order to recover from a loss to property, the holder must have an insurable interest in the property at the time of the event or occurrence. An insurable interest is any right, title or interest in property where the holder of that right, title or interest sustains financial loss if the property is damaged or destroyed. Any lawful and substantial economic interest in the safety or preservation of the property from loss, destruction or damage also constitutes an insurable interest.
An entity does not have to be the property owner to have an insurable interest in it. Examples include, but are not limited to, mortgagees, trustees, vendors, lessees and bailees. Insurable interest for any entity must exist at the time the loss occurs.
Risk Of Loss - If property could never be destroyed, there is no risk of loss. If property must necessarily disintegrate or be destroyed, there is no risk of loss. Between these two extremes is the exposure of risk that can be insured.
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